Contact your health care provider immediately, day or night, if you should experience any of the following symptoms:. The following symptoms require medical attention, but are not emergency situations. Contact your health care provider within 24 hours of noticing any of the following:. You will be checked regularly by your health care professional while you are taking Decadron, to monitor side effects and check your response to therapy.
Periodic blood work to monitor your complete blood count CBC as well as the function of other organs such as your kidneys and liver will also be ordered by your doctor. Corticosteroids are naturally produced by the adrenal gland in the body. Corticosteroids influence the functioning of most of the body's systems heart, immune, muscles and bones, endocrine and nervous system.
They exert a wide array of effects including effects on the metabolism of carbohydrates, protein and fats. They help to maintain balance of fluids and electrolytes. Decadron is classified as a corticosteroid more precisely a glucocorticosteroid , and has many uses in the treatment of cancer. One way that it works is to decrease inflammation swelling. It does this by preventing infection- fighting white blood cells polymorphonuclear leukocytes from traveling to the area of swelling in your body.
This is why you are more prone to infection while taking steroids. Taking advantage of the anti-inflammatory properties of the medication, corticosteroids are used to decrease the swelling around tumors. For example, by decreasing swelling around tumors in the spine, brain, or bone, it can decrease the pressure of the tumor on nerve endings and relieve pain or other symptoms caused by the pressing tumor.
Another way Decadron works is by altering the body's normal immune system responses. In addition, it is thought that corticosteroids may help in the treatment of patients with blood disorders, such as multiple myeloma. Patients taking an anticoagulant, such as warfarin, should be monitored while taking a steroid medication. Medications used for diabetes may need to be adjusted because steroids may affect blood glucose levels. Certain medications that are metabolized by an enzyme called CYP3A4 may affect the metabolism of the steroid, requiring dosage adjustment.
This is not a full list of drug interactions. Consult your healthcare provider for a full list of drug interactions. Dexamethasone is a steroid drug used in the treatment of a wide variety of inflammatory conditions. Like dexamethasone, prednisone is a steroid drug that is used in many different inflammatory conditions for its anti-inflammatory effects. Although they are similar, they are not exactly the same. The information above is a helpful comparison between the two drugs.
Other steroid drugs you may have heard of include Medrol methylprednisolone , prednisolone , and hydrocortisone. There is not much data comparing the two drugs directly. One review of studies concluded that either drug is acceptable for the treatment of children with acute exacerbation of asthma. Because there are so many different indications for the use of a steroid medication, your healthcare provider will take into account the condition being treated along with your medical history and other medications you take, when deciding which medication is better for you.
In terms of safety, all steroids have the potential for side effects see Warnings section , and some can be very serious. Your healthcare provider will decide which medication is safer for you and prescribe the shortest course of treatment possible. Often, you will taper off the steroid so that you do not stop suddenly. This helps your adrenal glands return to normal function.
Corticosteroids such as dexamethasone or prednisone have been shown to harm the fetus in many species when given in doses equivalent to the dose a human would take, causing an increased incidence of cleft palate in the animal offspring. Steroids may also cause growth restriction and decreased birth weight. There have been no adequate, well-controlled studies of dexamethasone or prednisone in pregnant women.
Therefore, dexamethasone or prednisone should be used in pregnancy only if the benefit outweighs the risk to the fetus. Infants born to mothers who have received high doses of steroids during pregnancy should be observed for signs of hypoadrenalism. Generally, alcohol should not be mixed with steroids. Consult your healthcare provider for medical advice.
Dexamethasone is long-acting and is considered a potent, or strong, steroid. It is 25 times more potent than hydrocortisone. The initial dosage of dexamethasone may vary from 0. Dosage requirements vary and must be individualized based on the condition being treated and response to treatment. For example, Decadron dexamethasone is more potent and longer-acting than prednisone. It depends on how the medication is administered. Given by injection, dexamethasone will begin working quickly.
Taken by mouth as a tablet, the effects may take from one hour up to several hours. Search for a topic or drug. Dexamethasone vs. By Karen Berger, Pharm. Want the best price on dexamethasone? Want the best price on prednisone? Top Reads in Drug vs. Toujeo vs Lantus: Main Differences and S Dulera vs Advair: Main Differences and S Contrave vs Phentermine: Main Difference Suboxone vs Methadone: Main Differences Looking for a prescription?
Search now! Type your drug name. Deltasone no longer commercially available , Rayos delayed-release tablets. Tablet, injection, oral solution, ophthalmic drops alone and in combination with other ingredients , ophthalmic ointments in combination with other ingredients. Allergic and dermatologic conditions acute asthma exacerbations, dermatitis, rhinitis. Endocrine disorders adrenocortical insufficiency—in conjunction with a mineralocorticoid drug such as fludrocortisone , congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
Neoplastic diseases leukemia , lymphoma. Nervous system acute exacerbation of multiple sclerosis, cerebral edema associated with primary or metastatic brain tumor, craniotomy, or head injury. Renal diseases idiopathic nephrotic syndrome, lupus.
Dexamethasone can affect growth in children. Tell your doctor if your child is not growing at a normal rate while using this medicine. This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. Avoid being near people who are sick or have infections. Call your doctor for preventive treatment if you are exposed to chickenpox or measles.
These conditions can be serious or even fatal in people who are using steroid medicine. Do not receive a "live" vaccine while using dexamethasone. The vaccine may not work as well during this time, and may not fully protect you from disease. Live vaccines include measles, mumps, rubella MMR , polio, rotavirus, typhoid, yellow fever, varicella chickenpox , and zoster shingles.
Use Decadron Dexamethasone Injection exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets.
Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Use the medicine exactly as directed. Your dose needs may change due to surgery, illness, stress, or a medical emergency. Tell your doctor about any such situation that affects you. This medicine can affect the results of certain medical tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using dexamethasone.
Do not stop using dexamethasone suddenly , or you could have unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Ask your doctor how to safely stop using this medicine. In case of emergency, wear or carry medical identification to let others know you use dexamethasone.
An overdose of dexamethasone is not expected to produce life threatening symptoms. Long term use of high doses can lead to thinning skin, easy bruising, changes in body fat especially in your face, neck, back, and waist , increased acne or facial hair, menstrual problems, impotence, or loss of interest in sex. Health Topics. Health Tools. Decadron Dexamethasone Injection. Generic Name: Dexamethasone oral. Reviewed: November 4, They exert a wide array of effects including effects on the metabolism of carbohydrates, protein and fats.
They help to maintain balance of fluids and electrolytes. Decadron is classified as a corticosteroid more precisely a glucocorticosteroid , and has many uses in the treatment of cancer. One way that it works is to decrease inflammation swelling. It does this by preventing infection- fighting white blood cells polymorphonuclear leukocytes from traveling to the area of swelling in your body. This is why you are more prone to infection while taking steroids.
Taking advantage of the anti-inflammatory properties of the medication, corticosteroids are used to decrease the swelling around tumors. For example, by decreasing swelling around tumors in the spine, brain, or bone, it can decrease the pressure of the tumor on nerve endings and relieve pain or other symptoms caused by the pressing tumor. Another way Decadron works is by altering the body's normal immune system responses. In addition, it is thought that corticosteroids may help in the treatment of patients with blood disorders, such as multiple myeloma.
Corticosteroids may work by causing programmed cell death apoptosis of certain cells, which may help to fight your disease. Decadron is also used in the short-term treatment of nausea caused by chemotherapy. How it does this is not fully understood.
It also has been used to stimulate appetite for patients with severe appetite problems. Corticosteroids are used to replace steroids in conditions of adrenal insufficiency low production of needed steroids produced by the adrenal glands. Note: We strongly encourage you to talk with your health care professional about your specific medical condition and treatments. The information contained in this website is meant to be helpful and educational, but is not a substitute for medical advice.