golden dynasty dragon code of ethics

budesonide asthma steroid

Miami's independent source of local news and culture. Athletes and bodybuilders have been using steroids to increase muscle mass for a long time. Many men, particularly those who participate in sports or who are interested in bodybuilding, use steroids to achieve quick results. Many steroids are sold illegally and come with a slew of negative side effects. So, what are some other safe and legitimate alternatives to steroid abuse? Are you trying to bulk up or lose weight with a legal steroid? Researchers have recently created safe, and legal steroids that can be used daily with no negative side effects.

Golden dynasty dragon code of ethics test 600 steroid

Golden dynasty dragon code of ethics

Wei also published a historical work lambasting and belittling his political opponents. The Chongzhen Emperor r. The eunuchs built their own social structure, providing and gaining support to their birth clans. Instead of fathers promoting sons, it was a matter of uncles promoting nephews. The Heishanhui Society in Peking sponsored the temple that conducted rituals for worshiping the memory of Gang Tie, a powerful eunuch of the Yuan dynasty.

The Temple became an influential base for highly placed eunuchs, and continued in a somewhat diminished role during the Qing dynasty. During the last years of the Wanli era and those of his two successors, an economic crisis developed that was centered on a sudden widespread lack of the empire's chief medium of exchange: silver.

The Portuguese first established trade with China in , [76] trading Japanese silver for Chinese silk, [77] and after some initial hostilities gained consent from the Ming court in to settle Macau as their permanent trade base in China. In the new Tokugawa regime of Japan shut down most of its foreign trade with European powers, cutting off another source of silver coming into China.

These events occurring at roughly the same time caused a dramatic spike in the value of silver and made paying taxes nearly impossible for most provinces. In the s a string of one thousand copper coins equaled an ounce of silver; by that sum could fetch half an ounce; and, by only one-third of an ounce.

Famines became common in northern China in the early 17th century because of unusually dry and cold weather that shortened the growing season — effects of a larger ecological event now known as the Little Ice Age. Making matters worse, a widespread epidemic, the Great Plague in late Ming Dynasty , spread across China from Zhejiang to Henan, killing an unknown but large number of people. A Jurchen tribal leader named Nurhaci r. During the Japanese invasions of Joseon Korea in the s, he offered to lead his tribes in support of the Ming and Joseon army.

This offer was declined, but he was granted honorific Ming titles for his gesture. Recognizing the weakness of Ming authority north of their border, he united all of the adjacent northern tribes and consolidated power in the region surrounding his homeland as the Jurchen Jin dynasty had done previously. By , Nurhaci's son Huang Taiji renamed his dynasty from the "Later Jin" to the " Great Qing " at Mukden , which had fallen to Qing forces in and was made their capital in Shortly after, the Koreans renounced their long-held loyalty to the Ming dynasty.

A peasant soldier named Li Zicheng mutinied with his fellow soldiers in western Shaanxi in the early s after the Ming government failed to ship much-needed supplies there. In , masses of Chinese peasants who were starving, unable to pay their taxes, and no longer in fear of the frequently defeated Chinese army, began to form into huge bands of rebels. The Chinese military, caught between fruitless efforts to defeat the Manchu raiders from the north and huge peasant revolts in the provinces, essentially fell apart.

Unpaid and unfed, the army was defeated by Li Zicheng — now self-styled as the Prince of Shun — and deserted the capital without much of a fight. On 25 April , Beijing fell to a rebel army led by Li Zicheng when the city gates were opened by rebel allies from within. During the turmoil, the last Ming emperor hanged himself on a tree in the imperial garden outside the Forbidden City. This occurred shortly after he learned about the fate of the capital and an army of Li Zicheng marching towards him; weighing his options of alliance, he decided to side with the Manchus.

After being forced out of Xi'an by the Qing, chased along the Han River to Wuchang , and finally along the northern border of Jiangxi province, Li Zicheng died there in the summer of , thus ending the Shun dynasty. One report says his death was a suicide; another states that he was beaten to death by peasants after he was caught stealing their food. Despite the loss of Beijing and the death of the emperor, the Ming were not yet totally destroyed.

However, there were several pretenders for the Ming throne, and their forces were divided. These scattered Ming remnants in southern China after were collectively designated by 19th-century historians as the Southern Ming.

Zhu Shugui proclaimed that he acted in the name of the deceased Yongli Emperor. Later the Qianlong Emperor bestowed the title Marquis of Extended Grace posthumously on Zhu Zhilian in , and the title passed on through twelve generations of Ming descendants until the end of the Qing dynasty in In , after the overthrow of the Qing dynasty in the Xinhai Revolution , some advocated that a Han Chinese be installed as Emperor, either the descendant of Confucius, who was the Duke Yansheng , [] [] [] [] [] or the Ming dynasty Imperial family descendant, the Marquis of Extended Grace.

Described as "one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history" by Edwin O. Reischauer , John K. Fairbank and Albert M. Craig , [] the Ming emperors took over the provincial administration system of the Yuan dynasty, and the thirteen Ming provinces are the precursors of the modern provinces. Departing from the main central administrative system generally known as the Three Departments and Six Ministries system, which was instituted by various dynasties since late Han BCE — CE , the Ming administration had only one Department, the Secretariat, that controlled the Six Ministries.

The Hongwu Emperor sent his heir apparent to Shaanxi in to "tour and soothe" xunfu the region; in the Yongle Emperor commissioned 26 officials to travel the empire and uphold similar investigatory and patrimonial duties. By these xunfu assignments became institutionalized as " grand coordinators ". Hence, the Censorate was reinstalled and first staffed with investigating censors, later with censors-in-chief.

By , the grand coordinators were granted the title vice censor-in-chief or assistant censor-in-chief and were allowed direct access to the emperor. Censors had the power to impeach officials on an irregular basis, unlike the senior officials who were to do so only in triennial evaluations of junior officials. Although decentralization of state power within the provinces occurred in the early Ming, the trend of central government officials delegated to the provinces as virtual provincial governors began in the s.

By the late Ming dynasty, there were central government officials delegated to two or more provinces as supreme commanders and viceroys, a system which reined in the power and influence of the military by the civil establishment. Governmental institutions in China conformed to a similar pattern for some two thousand years, but each dynasty installed special offices and bureaus, reflecting its own particular interests.

The Ming administration utilized Grand Secretaries to assist the emperor, handling paperwork under the reign of the Yongle Emperor and later appointed as top officials of agencies and Grand Preceptor, a top-ranking, non-functional civil service post, under the Hongxi Emperor r.

The imperial household was staffed almost entirely by eunuchs and ladies with their own bureaus. The eunuchs were divided into different directorates in charge of staff surveillance, ceremonial rites, food, utensils, documents, stables, seals, apparel, and so on. Although the imperial household was staffed mostly by eunuchs and palace ladies, there was a civil service office called the Seal Office, which cooperated with eunuch agencies in maintaining imperial seals, tallies, and stamps.

The Hongwu emperor from to staffed his bureaus with officials gathered through recommendations only. After that the scholar-officials who populated the many ranks of bureaucracy were recruited through a rigorous examination system that was initially established by the Sui dynasty — However, the government did exact provincial quotas while drafting officials.

This was an effort to curb monopolization of power by landholding gentry who came from the most prosperous regions, where education was the most advanced. The expansion of the printing industry since Song times enhanced the spread of knowledge and number of potential exam candidates throughout the provinces.

For young schoolchildren there were printed multiplication tables and primers for elementary vocabulary; for adult examination candidates there were mass-produced, inexpensive volumes of Confucian classics and successful examination answers. As in earlier periods, the focus of the examination was classical Confucian texts, while the bulk of test material centered on the Four Books outlined by Zhu Xi in the 12th century. The exams increased in difficulty as the student progressed from the local level, and appropriate titles were accordingly awarded successful applicants.

Officials were classified in nine hierarchic grades, each grade divided into two degrees, with ranging salaries nominally paid in piculs of rice according to their rank. While provincial graduates who were appointed to office were immediately assigned to low-ranking posts like the county graduates, those who passed the palace examination were awarded a jinshi 'presented scholar' degree and assured a high-level position. The maximum tenure in office was nine years, but every three years officials were graded on their performance by senior officials.

If they were graded as superior then they were promoted, if graded adequate then they retained their ranks, and if graded inadequate they were demoted one rank. In extreme cases, officials would be dismissed or punished. Only capital officials of grade 4 and above were exempt from the scrutiny of recorded evaluation, although they were expected to confess any of their faults.

There were over 4, school instructors in county and prefectural schools who were subject to evaluations every nine years. The Chief Instructor on the prefectural level was classified as equal to a second-grade county graduate. The Supervisorate of Imperial Instruction oversaw the education of the heir apparent to the throne; this office was headed by a Grand Supervisor of Instruction, who was ranked as first class of grade three.

Historians debate whether the examination system expanded or contracted upward social mobility. On the one hand, the exams were graded without regard to a candidate's social background, and were theoretically open to everyone. In practice, 90 percent of the population was ineligible due to lack of education, but the upper 10 percent had equal chances for moving to the top. To be successful young men had to have extensive, expensive training in classical Chinese, the use of Mandarin in spoken conversation, calligraphy, and had to master the intricate poetic requirements of the eight-legged essay.

Not only did the traditional gentry dominated the system, they also learned that conservatism and resistance to new ideas was the path to success. For centuries critics had pointed out these problems, but the examination system only became more abstract and less relevant to the needs of China. Scholar-officials who entered civil service through examinations acted as executive officials to a much larger body of non-ranked personnel called lesser functionaries. They outnumbered officials by four to one; Charles Hucker estimates that they were perhaps as many as , throughout the empire.

These lesser functionaries performed clerical and technical tasks for government agencies. Yet they should not be confused with lowly lictors, runners, and bearers; lesser functionaries were given periodic merit evaluations like officials and after nine years of service might be accepted into a low civil service rank.

Eunuchs gained unprecedented power over state affairs during the Ming dynasty. One of the most effective means of control was the secret service stationed in what was called the Eastern Depot at the beginning of the dynasty, later the Western Depot. This secret service was overseen by the Directorate of Ceremonial, hence this state organ's often totalitarian affiliation. Eunuchs had ranks that were equivalent to civil service ranks, only theirs had four grades instead of nine.

Descendants of the first Ming emperor were made princes and given typically nominal military commands, annual stipends, and large estates. Although princes served no organ of state administration, the princes, consorts of the imperial princesses, and ennobled relatives did staff the Imperial Clan Court , which supervised the imperial genealogy.

Like scholar-officials, military generals were ranked in a hierarchic grading system and were given merit evaluations every five years as opposed to three years for officials. This was due to their hereditary service instead of solely merit-based and Confucian values that dictated those who chose the profession of violence wu over the cultured pursuits of knowledge wen.

In the early half of the dynasty, men of noble lineage dominated the higher ranks of military office; this trend was reversed during the latter half of the dynasty as men from more humble origins eventually displaced them. Literature , painting , poetry , music , and Chinese opera of various types flourished during the Ming dynasty, especially in the economically prosperous lower Yangzi valley.

Although short fiction had been popular as far back as the Tang dynasty — , [] and the works of contemporaneous authors such as Xu Guangqi, Xu Xiake, and Song Yingxing were often technical and encyclopedic, the most striking literary development was the vernacular novel. While the gentry elite were educated enough to fully comprehend the language of Classical Chinese , those with rudimentary education — such as women in educated families, merchants, and shop clerks — became a large potential audience for literature and performing arts that employed Vernacular Chinese.

Jin Ping Mei , published in , although incorporating earlier material, marks the trend toward independent composition and concern with psychology. Theater scripts were equally imaginative. Informal essay and travel writing was another highlight. Xu Xiake — , a travel literature author, published his Travel Diaries in , written characters , with information on everything from local geography to mineralogy. In contrast to Xu Xiake, who focused on technical aspects in his travel literature, the Chinese poet and official Yuan Hongdao — used travel literature to express his desires for individualism as well as autonomy from and frustration with Confucian court politics.

This anti-official sentiment in Yuan's travel literature and poetry was actually following in the tradition of the Song dynasty poet and official Su Shi — They drew upon the techniques, styles, and complexity in painting achieved by their Song and Yuan predecessors, but added techniques and styles. Well-known Ming artists could make a living simply by painting due to the high prices they demanded for their artworks and the great demand by the highly cultured community to collect precious works of art.

The artist Qiu Ying was once paid 2. Renowned artists often gathered an entourage of followers, some who were amateurs who painted while pursuing an official career and others who were full-time painters. The period was also renowned for ceramics and porcelains. The major production center for porcelain was the imperial kilns at Jingdezhen in Jiangxi province, most famous in the period for blue and white porcelain , but also producing other styles.

The Dehua porcelain factories in Fujian catered to European tastes by creating Chinese export porcelain by the late 16th century. Individual potters also became known, such as He Chaozong , who became famous in the early 17th century for his style of white porcelain sculpture. Carved designs in lacquerware and designs glazed onto porcelain wares displayed intricate scenes similar in complexity to those in painting.

The houses of the rich were also furnished with rosewood furniture and feathery latticework. The writing materials in a scholar's private study, including elaborately carved brush holders made of stone or wood, were designed and arranged ritually to give an aesthetic appeal. Connoisseurship in the late Ming period centered on these items of refined artistic taste, which provided work for art dealers and even underground scammers who themselves made imitations and false attributions.

The dominant religious beliefs during the Ming dynasty were the various forms of Chinese folk religion and the Three Teachings — Confucianism , Taoism , and Buddhism. The Yuan -supported Tibetan lamas fell from favor, and the early Ming emperors particularly favored Taoism, granting its practitioners many positions in the state's ritual offices.

Islam was also well-established throughout China, with a history said to have begun with Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas during the Tang dynasty and strong official support during the Yuan. The advent of the Ming was initially devastating to Christianity: in his first year, the Hongwu Emperor declared the eighty-year-old Franciscan missions among the Yuan heterodox and illegal. During the later Ming a new wave of Christian missionaries arrived — particularly Jesuits — who employed new western science and technology in their arguments for conversion.

They were educated in Chinese language and culture at St. Paul's College on Macau after its founding in The most influential was Matteo Ricci , whose " Map of the Myriad Countries of the World " upended traditional geography throughout East Asia, and whose work with the convert Xu Guangqi led to the first Chinese translation of Euclid 's Elements in The discovery of a Nestorian stele at Xi'an in also permitted Christianity to be treated as an old and established faith, rather than as a new and dangerous cult.

However, there were strong disagreements about the extent to which converts could continue to perform rituals to the emperor , Confucius , or their ancestors : Ricci had been very accommodating and an attempt by his successors to backtrack from this policy led to the Nanjing Incident of , which exiled four Jesuits to Macau and forced the others out of public life for six years. However, by the end of the Ming the Dominicans had begun the Chinese Rites controversy in Rome that would eventually lead to a full ban of Christianity under the Qing dynasty.

During his mission, Ricci was also contacted in Beijing by one of the approximately 5, Kaifeng Jews and introduced them and their long history in China to Europe. During the Ming dynasty, the Neo-Confucian doctrines of the Song scholar Zhu Xi were embraced by the court and the Chinese literati at large, although the direct line of his school was destroyed by the Yongle Emperor 's extermination of the ten degrees of kinship of Fang Xiaoru in The Ming scholar most influential upon subsequent generations, however, was Wang Yangming — , whose teachings were attacked in his own time for their similarity to Chan Buddhism.

Other scholar-bureaucrats were wary of Wang's heterodoxy, the increasing number of his disciples while he was still in office, and his overall socially rebellious message. To curb his influence, he was often sent out to deal with military affairs and rebellions far away from the capital. Yet his ideas penetrated mainstream Chinese thought and spurred new interest in Taoism and Buddhism. The liberal views of Wang Yangming were opposed by the Censorate and by the Donglin Academy , re-established in These conservatives wanted a revival of orthodox Confucian ethics.

Conservatives such as Gu Xiancheng — argued against Wang's idea of innate moral knowledge, stating that this was simply a legitimization for unscrupulous behavior such as greedy pursuits and personal gain. These two strands of Confucian thought, hardened by Chinese scholars' notions of obligation towards their mentors, developed into pervasive factionalism among the ministers of state, who used any opportunity to impeach members of the other faction from court.

Wang Gen was able to give philosophical lectures to many commoners from different regions because — following the trend already apparent in the Song dynasty — communities in Ming society were becoming less isolated as the distance between market towns was shrinking. Schools, descent groups, religious associations, and other local voluntary organizations were increasing in number and allowing more contact between educated men and local villagers. A variety of occupations could be chosen or inherited from a father's line of work.

This would include — but was not limited to — coffin makers, ironworkers and blacksmiths, tailors, cooks and noodle-makers, retail merchants, tavern, teahouse, or winehouse managers, shoemakers, seal cutters, pawnshop owners, brothel heads, and merchant bankers engaging in a proto-banking system involving notes of exchange. A small township also provided a place for simple schooling, news and gossip, matchmaking, religious festivals, traveling theater groups, tax collection, and bases of famine relief distribution.

Farming villagers in the north spent their days harvesting crops like wheat and millet, while farmers south of the Huai River engaged in intensive rice cultivation and had lakes and ponds where ducks and fish could be raised. The cultivation of mulberry trees for silkworms and tea bushes could be found mostly south of the Yangzi River ; even further south sugarcane and citrus were grown as basic crops.

Besides cutting down trees to sell wood, the poor also made a living by turning wood into charcoal, and by burning oyster shells to make lime and fired pots, and weaving mats and baskets. Although the south had the characteristic of the wealthy landlord and tenant farmers, there were on average many more owner-cultivators north of the Huai River due to harsher climate, living not far above subsistence level.

Early Ming dynasty saw the strictest sumptuary laws in Chinese history. It was illegal for commoners to wear fine silk or dress in bright red, dark green or yellow colors; nor could they wear boots or guan hats. Women could not use ornaments made from gold, jade, pearl or emerald. Merchants and their families were further banned from using silk. However, these laws were no longer enforced from the middle Ming period onwards. Compared to the flourishing of science and technology in the Song dynasty , the Ming dynasty perhaps saw fewer advancements in science and technology compared to the pace of discovery in the Western world.

In fact, key advances in Chinese science in the late Ming were spurred by contact with Europe. When the Ming founder Hongwu came upon the mechanical devices housed in the Yuan dynasty's palace at Khanbaliq — such as fountains with balls dancing on their jets, self-operating tiger automata , dragon-headed devices that spouted mists of perfume, and mechanical clocks in the tradition of Yi Xing — and Su Song — — he associated all of them with the decadence of Mongol rule and had them destroyed.

The Chinese were intrigued with European technology, but so were visiting Europeans of Chinese technology. In , Abraham Ortelius — featured in his atlas Theatrum Orbis Terrarum the peculiar Chinese innovation of mounting masts and sails onto carriages , just like Chinese ships. This includes mechanical and hydraulic powered devices for agriculture and irrigation, [] nautical technology such as vessel types and snorkeling gear for pearl divers, [] [] [] the annual processes of sericulture and weaving with the loom , [] metallurgic processes such as the crucible technique and quenching , [] manufacturing processes such as for roasting iron pyrite in converting sulphide to oxide in sulfur used in gunpowder compositions — illustrating how ore was piled up with coal briquettes in an earthen furnace with a still-head that sent over sulfur as vapor that would solidify and crystallize [] — and the use of gunpowder weapons such as a naval mine ignited by use of a rip-cord and steel flint wheel.

Focusing on agriculture in his Nongzheng Quanshu , the agronomist Xu Guangqi — took an interest in irrigation, fertilizers, famine relief, economic and textile crops, and empirical observation of the elements that gave insight into early understandings of chemistry. There were many advances and new designs in gunpowder weapons during the beginning of the dynasty, but by the mid to late Ming the Chinese began to frequently employ European-style artillery and firearms.

This includes hollow, gunpowder-filled exploding cannonballs , [] land mines that used a complex trigger mechanism of falling weights, pins, and a steel wheellock to ignite the train of fuses, [] naval mines, [] fin-mounted winged rockets for aerodynamic control, [] multistage rockets propelled by booster rockets before igniting a swarm of smaller rockets issuing forth from the end of the missile shaped like a dragon's head , [] and hand cannons that had up to ten barrels.

Li Shizhen — — one of the most renowned pharmacologists and physicians in Chinese history — belonged to the late Ming period. His Bencao Gangmu is a medical text with 1, entries, each entry with its own name called a gang. The mu in the title refers to the synonyms of each name. Throughout the Ming dynasty, around fifty texts were published on the treatment of smallpox. Sinologist historians debate the population figures for each era in the Ming dynasty.

The historian Timothy Brook notes that the Ming government census figures are dubious since fiscal obligations prompted many families to underreport the number of people in their households and many county officials to underreport the number of households in their jurisdiction. The practice is well documented in China, going back over two thousand years, and it was described as "rampant" and "practiced by almost every family" by contemporary authors.

The number of people counted in the census of was 59,,; however, this number dropped significantly when the government found that some 3 million people were missing from the tax census of The government tried to mitigate this by creating their own conservative estimate of 60,, people in Historians are now turning to local gazetteers of Ming China for clues that would show consistent growth in population.

Even with the Jiajing reforms to document migrant workers and merchants, by the late Ming era the government census still did not accurately reflect the enormous growth in population. Gazetteers across the empire noted this and made their own estimations of the overall population in the Ming, some guessing that it had doubled, tripled, or even grown fivefold since From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Former empire in Eastern Asia, — For other uses, see Ming disambiguation and Ming Dynasty disambiguation. Imperial seal [a]. Ming China in during the reign of the Yongle Emperor. Remnants of the Ming imperial family ruled southern China until as the Southern Ming. The Ming loyalist state Kingdom of Tungning on Taiwan lasted until , but it was not ruled by the Zhu clan and thus usually not considered part of the Southern Ming.

History of China. Related articles. Chinese historiography Timeline of Chinese history Dynasties in Chinese history Linguistic history Art history Economic history Education history Science and technology history Legal history Media history Military history Naval history Women in ancient and imperial China. Main article: History of the Ming dynasty. See also: Timeline of the Ming dynasty. Main article: Ming conquest of Yunnan. Main article: Manchuria under Ming rule.

Main article: Sino-Tibetan relations during the Ming dynasty. Main article: Yongle Emperor. Main article: Fall of the Ming dynasty. Further information: Europeans in Medieval China. Main article: Qing conquest of the Ming. See also: List of emperors of the Ming dynasty.

Further information: History of science and technology in China , List of Chinese inventions , and List of Chinese discoveries. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. ISSN X. Aldrich, M. Hong Kong University Press. ISBN Andrew, Anita N. Dictionary of Ming Biography, — New York: Columbia University Press. Atwell, William S. Journal of World History. ISSN JSTOR Broadberry, Stephen Economic History Association.

Retrieved 15 August Chang, Michael G. Chen, Gilbert 2 July Ming Studies. S2CID Crawford, Robert B. T'oung Pao. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. Dennerline, Jerry P. By Lynn A. The Journal of Asian Studies. Dillon, Michael China's Muslim Hui community: migration, settlement and sects. Richmond: Curzon Press.

Retrieved 28 June Elman, Benjamin A. University of California Press. OCLC Engelfriet, Peter M. Fan, C. Simon Culture, Institution, and Development in China: The economics of national character. Farmer, Edward L. Frank, Andre Gunder Berkeley; London: University of California Press.

Fu Jen Catholic University Monumenta Serica. Beijing: H. Goldstein, Melvyn C. Hargett, James M. Hartwell, Robert M. Herman, John E. Harvard University Asia Center. The Ladder of Success in Imperial China. Hopkins, Donald R. The Greatest Killer: Smallpox in History. University of Chicago Press. New World Press. Hucker, Charles O. Jiang, Yonglin University of Washington Press. Kent, Percy Horace Braund I don't think this is "safe", because this has some scenes and aspects that many will struggle with see Trigger spoiler tag below.

Personally, I think in understanding that this is an alternate universe and with a completely different and primitive culture made it a little easier to accept those things. Overall this was a fun read, and I can see this being one I might re-read again down the road!

Circe wakes up and finds herself in a cage with several other women that are telling her that she is part of the "wife hunt". She realizes quickly that she has no idea where she is or who these other people are. She then finds herself on the run while these huge, savage men chase after her and chain themselves to her neck. She ends up captured by the King of the strange land, and she is the new queen.

After some rough first encounters, some huge language and cultural barriers, and some acceptance from Circe that this is her new reality -- she starts to adapt to her new life. Lahn is a fierce warrior to his people, but inside their home he is sweet and caring for Circe and they fall in love. There are some suspenseful moments, some sexy times, and some sweet scenes Overall Pace of Story: Good.

This is KA, so it's long! It even felt long at times, but I never skimmed and I thought it flowed well it just was a lot that went on packed into the one book! Instalove: No. BUT I think they move quickly and their circumstances definitely contribute to that, so it didn't feel insta to me. H rating: 4 stars. I liked him. He made some big mistakes, but he was definitely a product of his upbringing because he didn't see the wrong in his actions at first.

I loved how he cared for the h. She adapted pretty well considering it was some crazy circumstances, but I did feel like she was a little too stubborn at times though. I cried a few times, but I never needed any tissues. The H is the main pursuer of the relationship. They have some good tension, chemistry, and scenes -- but not so much it takes away from the story. She asks the H to stop using the slaves, and he agrees. It's never outright said that he had sexual relations with the slaves after he was married, but it kinda felt implied.

Safety: This one is probably Not Safe for most safety gang readers. View all 11 comments. Mar 21, Kristen rated it it was amazing Shelves: violent , fabulous-secondary-characters , great-ending , steamy , strong-willed-heroine , touch-of-paranormal , thought-provoking , fabulous-characterizations , 5-star , fabulous-characters.

December 29, Update I decide to give this book another try and I'm so glad I did. Even though I still struggled with the rape scene at the beginning of the story, I believe this to be Kristen Ashley's best work. It's not my favorite but it's brilliantly and superbly written. I'm so glad I gave it another chance. April 12, DNF I did not finish this book due to personal reasons. Because there is no disclaimer at the beginning of the book, I feel the need to let potential readers kno December 29, Update I decide to give this book another try and I'm so glad I did.

Because there is no disclaimer at the beginning of the book, I feel the need to let potential readers know about some of the content within the story. You might want to read this book with caution. April 18, Update : I am aware that certain readers have a profound dislike for Kristen Ashley and her work. I sincerely hope that my comments about this particular book will not be used to exploit their cause.

View all 72 comments. Shelves: nope , kill-with-fire , , rape-fantasy , tstl-heroine , domineering-rage-beast. Review contains strong themes including rape The Golden Dynasty by Kristen Ashley is the story of Circe, a modern woman from Seattle, who wakes up in a parallel universe. She is upon waking subjected to a so called wife hunt, rape and forced into marriage. I didn't like this book at all and I especially loathe the her Review contains strong themes including rape The Golden Dynasty by Kristen Ashley is the story of Circe, a modern woman from Seattle, who wakes up in a parallel universe.

While there are numerous other things that irritated me in this book such as the ridiculous made up language and the bad writing; punctuation errors, paragraphs overflowing with unnecessary adjectives, and all those inconsequential details that really don't make the world building any better they really all pale in comparison. In order to create a depth of differences between the main characters, not only of language, but of morality, ethics and of a sense of right and wrong, the author created a fantasy world; A misogynistic country dominated by chauvinistic, brutal men, a society in which masculinity and violence are emphasized and a culture in which rape and violence towards women are normalized.

The world depicted in this book is made up of a brute horde of men who see it as their right to rape, abduct and abuse women. With this social order of dominant male warriors Kristen Ashley created the perfect psychological setting for these men to vent their hatred of women. The characters: The female mc Circe is a modern woman.

A modern woman, who was raised in equality to men, with rights, with freedom, with the choice to say no and above all, with a sense of right and wrong. But she strives to accept her new husband after he repeatedly rapes, beats and mistreats her and she strives to accept this misogynistic world of the Korwahk with "their way". As she becomes the new Korwahk queen, is given pretty jewelry and clothes, she surrounds herself with her circle of friends and screens herself off from the rest of the people.

She really does not understand the concept of slavery and is actually baffled when one of her slaves betrayes her for her own people and her freedom Teetru, the strongest, most likeable woman in this book as she actually fights against this society.

This kind of ignorance, born from looking the other way and being able to ignore the horror when it is not happening right in front of one's eyes, makes her such a weak and detestable woman. She gets wrapped in this bubble by Lahn and is pampered as the Korwahk queen.

She puts on her rose colored glasses and sits contently back surrounded by her friends, forgetting, ignoring or looking the other way I never figured out which as the rest of the women in this world continue to suffer. And she has seen what women are subjected to by their husbands! While she made a rather pointless attempt to help one woman, she never stopped to look at the bigger picture, never broke the silence and raised her voice against all the wrongness of this society, never tried to change the way things are , and never fought for justice and equality for women.

If someone is raised to believe such values are fundamentally their right, how would one know of the wrongness of their acts? He is a brutal, cruel and ruthless warrior, who led his entire life as such, who takes what he wants regardless of the suffering of others.

That he would come to view rape as an act of wrongness, after instrumenting it continuously as a weapon and as a way to control and subdue women, is just plain unbelievable. Especially after it is impressed upon Circe how crucial it is, that he as king must not be seen as weak or challenges would be issued. That a person can change their entire being, their entire belief of what is right and wrong, in a matter of days is not only absurd but is a dangerous message to send.

The romance: First off, in my opinion, such a relationship never has a chance. Never mind the way he treats her, but there is literally a world of differences between the two and it's just not realistic that their relationship can ever work out.

But that is beside the point, as this is about how the romance is depicted the book. Their relationship progresses with no explanation and because of that, is not believable. Lahn falls in instant lust with her because she's the only blond woman. Then, after being raped continuously for three days, Circe one day just literally has an orgasm during another attack and she starts calling Lahn by pet names at the same time.

This is the man who raped her for days! It just continues this way; there is no believable romance between the main characters, Circe forgives Lahn for his mistreatment of her and romanticizes the times when he acts different towards her. The society and "their way": Seeing how this society is depicted in the book, the use of gender violence to control and subdue women becomes apparent. Women in this society do not have any rights; they cannot speak up for themselves and have no legal way of seeking justice.

Those who are raised in this society are forced into subordinate positions; those who fight back against their oppressors are sentenced to death. The punishments for treason committed by women are sexual assault, violent rape, public humiliation and finally death. Women are kidnapped in raids and kept as slaves. But all this doesn't matter to the female mc, for love is more important than such things as equality, freedom, justice and the right to choose.

Gender violence is used to assert control over women of other countries as well: Raids and attacks on villages on the borders are committed as common occurrence. Sexual violence and rape of women are used as a weapon of war. While the heroine is horrified when she learns of these raids she only asks that Lahn not rape anyone - because then he would be cheating!

First, the use of rape in times of war is not a result of conflicts and not only about sex, but it is a pre-planned and deliberate military strategy and a weapon of war. That he, as their leader, would agree not to rape anyone and thus not use one of their most devastating weapons of war is just not believable.

Sexual violence is a weapon of war used to humiliate and terrify, to destroy societies and to eliminate cultural and religious traditions. Especially as it was pointed out in the book, that he as Korwahk King has to lead a strong example and not show weakness to avoid uprisings.

And second, a woman is here conditioning another woman to assume the responsibility of a man's sexuality and of controlling his behavior. I don't even have to point out how wrong it is, to make a woman assume such a responsibility. In addition to rape, girls and women of these attacked villages are abducted and forced into slavery. Women are kidnapped for the wife hunt and forced into marriages.

But Circe accepts the use of rape as a weapon, the abduction and abuse of women, slavery and the overriding war culture as the new social norm because "it is their way". The depiction of misogyny: The way that rape is depicted in this book is utterly sexist. But this is completely contradicted later on in the book, when we learn that they do indeed know the difference between consensual sex and rape.

The female mc's acceptance of "their way": Now, the heroine struggled — understandably — to accept this society of prevailing warriors and their king Lahn. Her friend Diandra most adamantly insists that Circe must accept her new husband and their way, while the threat of violence hangs over her head should she not conform to her new social role.

And so Circe changes a lot - not to the better - during the book and with her, her views on the way things are. After three weeks, she not only accepts this society , but also sees nothing wrong anymore with "their way" : In the beginning of the book she was naturally horrified by the way a warrior raped and abused his wife, Mahyah, and she even tried to help her. She also automatically hated that warrior because of the way he treated his wife.

But then, later on in the book, Circe goes from sympathizing with a woman who was being badly abused by her husband to this: Then she [Sabine] got up and quickly backed away, her eyes glued in fear to Zahnin, her body shaking. I studied her. Yep, this was why Zahnun was in such a bad mood. Three weeks [of rape] and she was still like this? The woman was abducted and raped for three weeks and Circe is fucking worried about the rapist's fucking bad mood and is surprised that his victim "is still like this"?

What the fuck! Circe goes from despising a man because of how he mistreats a woman to actually liking another man who rapes a woman for weeks. She goes from trying to help a woman escape from her rapist to actually "helping" another woman stay with her rapist! This does not condone such acts. It does not make them all right. It most certainly does not serve as a way to justify them.

And it definitely does not mean that women have to accept them just because it is their way! Gender violence in this book is sanctioned in the name of tradition, because "it is their way". The way this society is set up and the way that Circe just accepts her subordinate place in it maintains the male dominance and female subjugation of this world and the violence against women is a manifestation of this unequal power relationship between men and women.

But instead of fighting against this status quo, Circe fights to accept it! While girls were kidnapped in Nigeria earlier this year, sold into slavery and forced into marriages, here is this book by Kristen Ashley, in which the female mc is also kidnapped and forced into a marriage. She is told that she must accept everything as it is because "it is their way".

And she fucking does! What kind of message does that send? Because, the Islamic extremists are also following their way. Does that condone or justify their horrendous acts? I honestly can not understand all those five star ratings. I am guessing - and really hoping - that the author's only intention with this book, was to send the message that love conquers all differences. Women and men should never, ever have to accept such a status quo just because it is "their way"!

View all 21 comments. Nov 09, Wendys Wycked Words rated it it was amazing Shelves: abuse-neglect , alpha-goodness , series , mf-romance , steamy , stand-alone , favorites , will-read-again , angsty , wtf. I have read this wonderful book many many times.

I can honestly say, that this is my absolute favorite KA book I never took the time to review this one though, because I love it so much I have so many many feelings about this one, that I don't even know how or where to start. Being that this is one of my all time favorite books though, I felt I had to write down something Circe is a 35 ye I have read this wonderful book many many times. Circe is a 35 year old woman from Seattle. She has a wonderful life. Her mother was murdered when she was 10, but she has a very loving father, who means the world to her.

She has a good job working for his company and a lot of friends. She is single and a bit unlucky in love, but all in all she is very happy One day she wakes up in a cage with a bunch of other women, in a world that is not her own. Everything is different. The people, the time, the land, the language Thankfully one of the women speaks her language and explains to her what is going on.

Apparently all the women are part of a ritual called "The Wife Hunt". Korwahk tribe has this ritual every 2 years. All the women are paraded in front of the warrior men Did I say hunted This is how they capture their new wife. Once captured, they are claimed Did I say raped Now Circe is fucked, not only because she woke up in a parralel universe and is about to be hunted and claimed.

He is supposed to be a cold and heartless warrior and he is about to hunt her down. Which is what he does. He hunts, captures and rapes her. I won't lie, it was hard to read. Circe is claimed and crowned "the golden queen" to her new warrior husband. Things don't get much easier. Circe does not speak the language, she can't make herself clear. So the violations keeps happening He doesn't talk to her and just keeps taking That's when Diandra comes in and things start to change.

Diandra has been living with the Kohrwak tribe for a long time and is married to one of the warriors. She however speaks english and is to be Circe's translator. Slowly communication becomes easier and Circe and Lahn start connecting. They become closer and closer and it was beautiful to read and see how much Lahn liked his new bride I loved the language thing Kay jahnan nahna lisa, na uvan tee luh kay.

Ana kay jahnan nahna pahnsahna, Circe. Kay nayeesan tee. I will have your mouth, you will give it to me. Then I will have your spirit, Circe. I will own it. He could be a extreme asshole and he seriously fucks up more than once!! But no worries, because Circe is also the strongest and most wonderful heroine out of all KA's books. She is defnitely my all time favorite heroine! She gave a lot, but she also tried to stayed true to herself and I really admired her for that.

My favorite KA book, my favorite hero and my favorite heroine!! Like I said I have read this book many many times already and I am sure I will read it many times more!! View all 42 comments. Re reading again! I love this book. And I left this series till last and did not think I would like it, and even starting this book, it started horrifically, and I wondered how KA could redeem him, but for me she just did! Oh… my… God. Did he just say that? I stared into his warm eyes.

He just said that. And that was so sweet, so unexpected but so welcome, my breath arrested and all I could do was continue staring at him. Not even in a dream could I create better than you. View all 24 comments. Not you, my tigress. Needless to say, she is scared shitless… Dax Lahn is known as a cruel and heartless savage, as the mighty king of The Horde of the Daxshee and as the leader of the terrifying Korwahk warriors.

He always attends, but never participates in the Wife Hunts. But this year one of the woman in the parade catches his eye… A woman with long blonde hair and fair skin that shine under the sun, igniting his blood, watering his mouth, filling him with feelings of possession and want.

With the fierce pull she feels towards her husband and the weird connection to this crazy foreign nation, will she even want to? Circe and Lahn have so much that stand in their way of a happy life together… They speak different languages, they have different moral codes, they have different cultural backgrounds… But Circe and Lahn try to communicate and understand each other.

They learn to accept each other for who they are, and hold on to the connection they both feel in the core of their hearts. They reach for a true and strong love, they fight for it and when they finally get it… they never let go. This book made me smile. This book made me feel hurt and sad and frustrated.

This book made me go through so many different emotions. What makes this story beautiful is the way it shows us that love can be found in the most unexpected places, with the most unexpected people. That love has the power to make a person forgive, forget and unsee a lot of things he or she might have never thought they could. That love can help people to overcome all the obstacles on the way, against all odds, and create a connection between them so fierce, no one can ever sever it.

You are my tigress. You are my Circe. Always, Circe. Never will I allow your gold to be taken from me. Of course I, the idiot that I am, judged the book by it's cover and ignored her pleas. Now, I am totally kicking myself for putting this book off!

My buddy told me it's the best book of them all and that I wouldn't get lost even if I didn't read Book 1 first. She gave me a little heads up about the PNR element, summarized the general plotline without spoilers before I started and it worked! So thank you so much Hanife, baby!

I love you! Sep 27, Penny rated it it was amazing Shelves: favorites , p-read-paranormal-romance , toxicmasculinity-genderoles-andmore , reviewed. But now I was thinking I was way screwed. My feet hurt. My neck hurt. My ass hurt. I needed a fucking bra. But I didn't care. I just ran. I need "I gave up a world for you. I need to read it again I loved it so much! I looked in his dark eyes. I bent my forehead to his and told him the truth. I may have forced my body on yours but I did not force your love, you gave it to me knowing who I am.

As we live our lives, you cannot decide to disagree with parts of that and then decide to take your love away, Circe. Therefore, you need to reflect on this, come to your peace with it and never, my golden queen, never request another such concession from me. I even felt 'pride' that I could endure, that I could be a good queen to you Everything I did in this fucking place, even before I fell in love with you, was for View all 33 comments.

Feb 11, alluringB rated it it was amazing Shelves: absolute-favvv , romance-in-fantasy , would-reread. I can almost hear Diandra scolding me "that is just who and how he is. View all 30 comments. Shelves: 4-stars , possessive-controlling-men , favorite-male-character , pn-witches-magic , made-me-cry , read-in , favorite-couple , adult , fantasy , read-in Third re-read: I also don't like that not just one character, but pretty much everyone talks the same way.

They constantly push their opinions on a character. Not giving said character a chance to speak. And another thing that seriously bother me with KA's books is the constant use of "baby" "honey" "sweet" "my love" and so forth. I get that SOME people are like this, but not freaking everyone. Lahn does something truly bad, like for example, hitt Third re-read: Lahn does something truly bad, like for example, hitting Circe.

She forgives him even after she said he had lost her. Then later one, he does something bad again, and she again says he has lost her. She forgives him again. This is because apparently, a person cannot take time to heal. One must forgive after Lahn is being sweet. I know what I just said doesn't make sense. And while I love Lahn, the pushy way Diandra is, in regards of how Circe acts with for example Lahn, is annoying.

I'm a woman who does not forgive easily, and I would've hated it if someone tried to push me to forgive. Even if Circe might feel the same, it is still not right to push her to feel this. Give her freaking time. And what about Lahn's men's treatment of Circe when Balder came? Is it all forgiven without any apologizes?

That said, I still enjoyed the read. The parallelunivers is a awesome concept that is an absolute joy to read about, though it can be a bit confusing at time. There was also the difficult to understand what the hell the Korwahk was talking about, even after Circe learned their language. Strange as I cannot remember the latter being a problem before. That being said, I like the characters; the male characters are hot alpha male, and in this case terrific warriors. Kristen Ashley has that great talent with writing amazing alpha males , whilst for me, her female characters always annoys the living shit out of me.

A while Circe can be a bit annoying, she's by far one of my favorite female characters of KA, if not the favorite, because there's little that do annoy me with her. She's sweet, kind, but also fierce. Overall, I'm glad I re-read it again , I still enjoyed it very much and I didn't skim though I have to be honest, there was some points where I felt myself starting to skim but went back and read it properly. Maybe I should re-read more from this series New Rating : 3.

She teaches Circe the new world she has ended up in. Their daughter, Sheena Lahn killed her. Circe get's a new slave; Quixa , she was older than Jacanda and Beetus, younger than Gaal and Packa and she was Korwahk, and Jacanda, became the new leader of the girls after they lost Teetru. Middleland is ruled by King Baldur , who is a greedy, cruel man.

He was cast out for being gay? Feetak , her husband. Oahsee , Bain's wife. Sabine, Zahnin's wife. Zahnin is Lahn's closest lieutenant. Their husbands, Tark and Yoonan. Re-read: They are both amazing, hot and alpha male. So I'll just go for both. Circe Kaye Quinn 35 is, too, a great character, who doesn't make me annoyed, which is actually rare these days Second time reading the book and it's still so damn good.

Kristen Ashley do know how to write terrific books, I must say Love triangle? Will I read this again in the future? Rating - 4 Stars. First read review : Simply said, I loved it! Thank you so much, V, for reminding recommend it to me again me of this book!

I'm sure that if it weren't for you saying I would love it, then I wouldn't have read it at all ;P View all 20 comments. The second I finished this book I found my self wanting to go back to the beginning to start all over again. It was that fantasyland book where she mentions what's up with each couple and even sets the story line up for her current release Broken Dove.

Note to self: I wonder if it is a coincidence that all these women are swapping with their universal twins All around the same time Things that make you go hmmm. KA is very good with details she sucks you completely in to her fantasyland universe and you want to stay there. Dear friends, if you enjoy a good PNR paranormal romance I highly suggest you bump this series up on your to-read list! Holy freaking moly… my husband was hot! The woman in white stared at him. Then, slowly, her eyes slid to me.

Then a small, tragic smile drifted across her mouth and she said one word. I will keep you safe and I will do it by keeping my feet on this earth, breathing the air and being there to make you safe. This was unbelievable. It was also heartbreaking. Nope, I was wrong about that. It was soul destroying. Jan 23, Rachel Reads Ravenously rated it it was amazing Shelves: angsty-intense , men-can-be-stupid-sometimes , kristen-ashley-aka-the-queen , paranormal-romance , romance , ebooks , fantasy , new-adult-mania , mythology , witches.

That's it. That's all I have to say. View all 26 comments. I meant to skim my favorite parts, but ended up completely rereading the entire book. And it was just as good if not better the second time around.

I am writing this review on a different edition of the book, so I think 2 reviews will show up and for that I am sorry if it bothers anyone. But since Goodreads doesn't have a reread option this was my only choice. Anyways this is one of those epic romances that completely tears you apart on the inside and then puts you back together again.

It's unconventional and yet it's beautiful and quite possibly the best book this author has ever written. If you haven't read it yet, you need to. View all 9 comments. My favorite Kristen Ashley book to date!!! This is how I pictured their love story had Khal Drogo stayed on the show longer. I'm already planning to re-read this book later this year!!

I know that many of my friends make fun of me for reading so many things at once but I just can't help it! While on vacation this past week, I couldn't help but pick up one of my faves! I absolutely adore this book.

Circe and Lahn are two of my favorite characters of all time! This book has it all! Romance, passion, action, and the absolute best steamy scenes! It doesn't matter if you are a KA fan or not, this book is the best! Now I can start my next read with a big smile on my face! Everyone h I know that many of my friends make fun of me for reading so many things at once but I just can't help it! Everyone has their go-to book So glad I took the time to re-read one of my favorites! I have enjoyed every single one of her books.

There are not enough stars in the world to award to this book. The Golden Dynasty is raw, gritty, beautiful, action packed, and one of those books that stays with you. I feel it is necessary to warn readers that this book starts out very violent.

Kristen Ashely wants to immerse us into this fantastical world. The only way to make that happen is to really put you there in that world. You have to feel every emotion of the heroine in order to grasp the depths of the love that Lahn and Circe find in each other.

Now I will try to express in words just how much I adored every second of this read! The story begins with Circe in a foreign realm. She went to sleep the night before in her apartment and has woken up in a cell full of scared women. She doesn't know what is happening but she is afraid and works quickly to assess her predicament.

Circe quickly learns from another girl in the pen that she is about to participate in a ritual known as "the hunt". The women run and the warriors aka savages hunt, capture and then claim their bride. Circe gathers her strength and prepares to run for her life. Obviously, she is far away from Seattle and just has to deal Somehow, the unbelievable happens. Circe has caught the eye of the mighty warrior King Lahn.

He is known to watch the hunts and not participate. Yet Circe has caught his eye and he jumps into the hunt to claim her as his! Lahn catches Circe after she has been traumatized by another warrior who tried to catch her first and claims her. This claiming is not soft and sweet. It is rape. At this point, you might be checking the cover of the book. Is this a Kristen Ashley book? Is this a romance novel? What is actually happening here?

Circe is deeply traumatized by her new life. Yet she doesn't break down. She clings to her father's words of wisdom. She is an inspiration. Although there is a language barrier, she tries to find kindness in her husband. Although he is rough and raw, we see moments of tenderness as he begins to show his adoration to his queen. Circe makes a friend who speaks her language. She begins to help guide her through the muddy waters of her new life.

She also helps Circe understand Lahn. She serves as a translator and Lahn and Circe begin to communicate. He told his people he did not claim you. He told his people he battled you before he won you. He told his people you challenged him.

She did not lay back and accept her fate. She stood strong and shouted in the face of a king. She fought and did not give up. He told his people you are not his queen. You are his warrior queen. She begins to fall in love with her husband. She is such a strong heroine. She begins to fall deeply in love with Lahn. The road to happiness is filled with violence, miscommunication, and hurt. Yet this is a love story I will never forget. Bravo to Ms. Ashley for stepping WAY out of the box and creating such a masterpiece.

If you aren't afraid to dig deep into an unbelievable world then look no further. This book has it all!!!! I love every second! View all 25 comments. I am so glad I read this! I don't mind a vamp and dabbled in shifters way back when Samantha Towle was writing them, but the thought of this series generally gave me the shivers so I steered well clear for years.

What a fucking idiot I am, because it turns out that this is now one of my favourite KA books ever! Really I should have been more open minded, I mean I love Outlander and that isn't 'real' either. Basically, Circe is a normal kinda gal from Seattle who wakes up one day in another world which is very much like our world but from hundreds of years ago and maybe with some other oddities like talking tigers and magic.

She finds herself as part of a 'wife hunt' whereby King Lahn sets his sights upon her and battles for her to be his queen. I won't lie, the first part of their pairing is a bit brutal and savage, but it's fiction and rape and pillage doesn't bother me in a story if it's told well and redemption is key here. These men are savages but they are all so sweet deep down. This book is full of Alpha males, I was in heaven. I loved both Lahn and Circe, they were fabulous and I loved it when they couldn't speak each others languages and had to communicate in other ways, it reminded me a bit of Transcendence by Shay Savage in that respect.

Also, the sex scenes are some of, if not the best that Kristen Ashley has ever written. Hot and bothered doesn't describe my feelings adequately, it was like an inferno! Thank you to all of my ho's that recommended it to me.

I am forever in your debt. Also part of a series. View all 22 comments. Jul 13, Sophia Triad rated it it was amazing Shelves: 4fantasy-lovestories , dimensiontravel-paralleluniverse , favorites , witches-wizards. I only have one word for this book: EPIC I have to say that it is the perfect example of how season 1 in Game of Thrones should have been developed, executed and concluded without breaking the hearts of Drogo's fans. Because trust me when I say that there is no chance someone who loves watching Game of Thrones and is reading the book for first time not picturing Dax Lahn as Drogo and Circe Quinn as Daenerys.

In the downfalls of the book, I really missed the elves and the dragons from Fantasyland I only have one word for this book: EPIC I have to say that it is the perfect example of how season 1 in Game of Thrones should have been developed, executed and concluded without breaking the hearts of Drogo's fans. In the downfalls of the book, I really missed the elves and the dragons from Fantasyland book 1 and the Korwahk language was a bit hard to get used to especially in the beginning of the book.

Also although Circe was mentioned as a witch in the first book, I could not picture this fact in the second book until storms and rainbows have started making appearences in the sky. But the last pages of the book have seriously taken the story at a higher level and made me fall in love with the two main characters.

Lahn was purfect as the savage king who falls in love at first sight with beautiful golden Circe. Circe was purfect as the innocent girl from Seattle who is taken unwillingly from her world, who is given no choice of her own life and who is repeatedly being raped before she forgives and falls in love. Dortak was perfect as the man who was born to be hated. I never expect to cry and have my heart that broken with a fantacy book View all 28 comments.

Shelves: favorite-heroine , enemies-to-lovers , fantasy , favorite-alpha-male. I'm gonna try something new and write my review as I go along reading the book. I feel like this will be one of those books I have "revelations" about as I read along that won't be satisfied with just my stat updates. And also, it's a freaking LONG book! You know what I'm talking about P2 Rating to come at the end. So, impressions thus far are as follows: Then: Seriously, it's like readi I'm gonna try something new and write my review as I go along reading the book.

Think Cavemen on horses. It's the age old language between men and women that's spoken here - grunts, facial expressions, touches, sex. Tho here it's a baby tiger, it's named Ghost. But still, my bet is that this book was inspired by the GoT and not the other way around. Hey, nothing against it, all authors are inspired by something, and if it's not out right plagiarism, do what you gotta do. How that warrior met his end was just so sad. So far so good. So here's my review, finally finished this LONG ass book!

All of Ashley's stuff is long. I have the same complaint I always have: it doesn't have to take so many pages!! Look, I loved it. Full stop. I love Lahn and Circe is pretty adorable herself. There were a few errors in the book, but I didn't bother to highlight them. I was in a hurry to read the story. As I note below, you have to suspend belief. Not just because this is fantasyland, but emotional belief. A modern woman with modern sensibilities, morals, and who's loved and pampered by a very good man her father , is thrust into a strange world with big dark warriors who hunt brides, then consummate the deal with a raping Nope, none.

Not even after the first time. And not after the first 7 times. Tho Circe sure did warm up to her gorgeous husband when he treated her well by being gentle. Guess being attracted to your rapist help with the falling in love thing. It's a pretty big leap to make for anyone's brain. But, this is fantasy romance and what other choice does a strong woman have but to suck it up and make the best out of a rotten situation.

But hey, at least her husband is the biggest, baddest, most gorgeous warrior king in the land and can give her multiple orgasms multiple times a day. All's well that ends well. I can't give this 5 stars bc ultimately, I'm not sure I'm rereading this book. Firstly, it's LONG, so it's not like a quick treat some lonely night. Secondly, well KA's characters seem to blend into each other.

I love most of them, don't get me wrong. I especially like the men in her books. All alpha males who have a very soft spot for their women. They tend to not talk much, unless they have something important to say. And tho they might not say it, they are very observant and sensitive.

ORGANON TEKNIKA CORPORATION PRODUCTS

This includes hollow, gunpowder-filled exploding cannonballs , [] land mines that used a complex trigger mechanism of falling weights, pins, and a steel wheellock to ignite the train of fuses, [] naval mines, [] fin-mounted winged rockets for aerodynamic control, [] multistage rockets propelled by booster rockets before igniting a swarm of smaller rockets issuing forth from the end of the missile shaped like a dragon's head , [] and hand cannons that had up to ten barrels.

Li Shizhen — — one of the most renowned pharmacologists and physicians in Chinese history — belonged to the late Ming period. His Bencao Gangmu is a medical text with 1, entries, each entry with its own name called a gang. The mu in the title refers to the synonyms of each name.

Throughout the Ming dynasty, around fifty texts were published on the treatment of smallpox. Sinologist historians debate the population figures for each era in the Ming dynasty. The historian Timothy Brook notes that the Ming government census figures are dubious since fiscal obligations prompted many families to underreport the number of people in their households and many county officials to underreport the number of households in their jurisdiction.

The practice is well documented in China, going back over two thousand years, and it was described as "rampant" and "practiced by almost every family" by contemporary authors. The number of people counted in the census of was 59,,; however, this number dropped significantly when the government found that some 3 million people were missing from the tax census of The government tried to mitigate this by creating their own conservative estimate of 60,, people in Historians are now turning to local gazetteers of Ming China for clues that would show consistent growth in population.

Even with the Jiajing reforms to document migrant workers and merchants, by the late Ming era the government census still did not accurately reflect the enormous growth in population. Gazetteers across the empire noted this and made their own estimations of the overall population in the Ming, some guessing that it had doubled, tripled, or even grown fivefold since From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Former empire in Eastern Asia, — For other uses, see Ming disambiguation and Ming Dynasty disambiguation.

Imperial seal [a]. Ming China in during the reign of the Yongle Emperor. Remnants of the Ming imperial family ruled southern China until as the Southern Ming. The Ming loyalist state Kingdom of Tungning on Taiwan lasted until , but it was not ruled by the Zhu clan and thus usually not considered part of the Southern Ming. History of China. Related articles. Chinese historiography Timeline of Chinese history Dynasties in Chinese history Linguistic history Art history Economic history Education history Science and technology history Legal history Media history Military history Naval history Women in ancient and imperial China.

Main article: History of the Ming dynasty. See also: Timeline of the Ming dynasty. Main article: Ming conquest of Yunnan. Main article: Manchuria under Ming rule. Main article: Sino-Tibetan relations during the Ming dynasty. Main article: Yongle Emperor. Main article: Fall of the Ming dynasty. Further information: Europeans in Medieval China. Main article: Qing conquest of the Ming. See also: List of emperors of the Ming dynasty. Further information: History of science and technology in China , List of Chinese inventions , and List of Chinese discoveries.

Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. ISSN X. Aldrich, M. Hong Kong University Press. ISBN Andrew, Anita N. Dictionary of Ming Biography, — New York: Columbia University Press. Atwell, William S. Journal of World History. ISSN JSTOR Broadberry, Stephen Economic History Association. Retrieved 15 August Chang, Michael G. Chen, Gilbert 2 July Ming Studies. S2CID Crawford, Robert B. T'oung Pao.

Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. Dennerline, Jerry P. By Lynn A. The Journal of Asian Studies. Dillon, Michael China's Muslim Hui community: migration, settlement and sects. Richmond: Curzon Press. Retrieved 28 June Elman, Benjamin A. University of California Press.

OCLC Engelfriet, Peter M. Fan, C. Simon Culture, Institution, and Development in China: The economics of national character. Farmer, Edward L. Frank, Andre Gunder Berkeley; London: University of California Press. Fu Jen Catholic University Monumenta Serica. Beijing: H. Goldstein, Melvyn C. Hargett, James M. Hartwell, Robert M. Herman, John E. Harvard University Asia Center. The Ladder of Success in Imperial China. Hopkins, Donald R.

The Greatest Killer: Smallpox in History. University of Chicago Press. New World Press. Hucker, Charles O. Jiang, Yonglin University of Washington Press. Kent, Percy Horace Braund The Passing of the Manchus. Kinney, Anne Behnke Chinese Views of Childhood.

University of Hawai'i Press. JSTOR j. Kuttner, Fritz A. Langlois, John D. Lane, Kris 30 July Retrieved 4 August Leslie, Donald D. The 59th George E. Morrison Lecture in Ethnology. Archived from the original PDF on 17 December Retrieved 26 March Lipman, Jonathan N. Maddison, Angus Manthorpe, Jonathan Forbidden Nation: A History of Taiwan. New York: St. Martin's Press. Naquin, Susan Peking: Temples and City Life, — Berkeley: University of California press.

Ness, John Philip University of Minnesota. People's Daily. Perdue, Peter C. Plaks, Andrew. H Princeton University Press: 55— Robinson, David M. Cambridge University Press. Schafer, Edward H. Shepherd, John Robert Statecraft and Political Economy on the Taiwan Frontier, — Stanford University Press.

Shi, Zhiyu Negotiating ethnicity in China: citizenship as a response to the state. Routledge studies — China in transition. Psychology Press. So, Billy Kee Long Spence, Jonathan D. Norton, ISBN Penguin Publishing Group. Swope, Kenneth M. Taagepera, Rein September International Studies Quarterly.

The National Review, China. Tsai, Shih-shan Henry The Eunuchs in the Ming Dynasty. Seattle: University of Washington Press. BBC News. Turchin, Peter; Adams, Jonathan M. Journal of World-Systems Research. Retrieved 16 September Wang, Yuan-kang Columbia University Press. Wang, Richard G. The Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 August Wills, John E. Woodhouse, Eiko The Chinese Hsinhai Revolution: G. Morrison and Anglo-Japanese Relations, — Wong, H.

Wylie, Turrell V. Xie, Xiaohui In Faure, David; Ho, Ts'ui-p'ing eds. UBC Press. Xu, Xin The Jews of Kaifeng, China : history, culture, and religion. Yaniv, Zohara; Bachrach, Uriel Handbook of Medicinal Plants. Zhang Tingyu; et al.

History of Ming in Chinese — via Wikisource. Zhang, Wenxian Zhang, Yuxin; Xiang, Hongjia Testimony of History. China: China Intercontinental Press. Zhou, Shao Quan Brook, Timothy. Crosby, Alfred W. Dardess, John W. Goodrich, L. Carrington; Fang, Chaoying, eds. Mote, Frederick W. Imperial China, Cambridge, Mass. Wakeman, Frederick, Jr. Ming dynasty topics. Manchuria Tibet Vietnam Wokou Yunnan. Empires largest Ancient great powers Medieval great powers Modern great powers European colonialism African empires.

Authority control. Integrated Authority File Germany. United States. Categories : Ming dynasty Imperial China Dynasties in Chinese history Former countries in Chinese history establishments in Asia 14th century in China 14th-century establishments in China 15th century in China 16th century in China 17th century in China s disestablishments in China disestablishments in Asia States and territories disestablished in States and territories established in Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages Use dmy dates from September Articles containing Chinese-language text Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters CS1 Chinese-language sources zh Commons category link is on Wikidata Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers Featured articles.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read View source View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Ming China around Nanjing — [b] Beijing — [c] [d]. Absolute monarchy. Chongzhen Emperor. Preceded by. Yuan dynasty. Later Jin. Shun dynasty. Southern Ming. China Russia Vietnam. Ming 2 ch'ao 2. Ming 4 chiu 4.

Ming 4 ciu 4. Daai 6 Ming 4. Ta Ming Ti Kuo. Daai 6 Ming 4 Dai 3 Gwok 3. Neolithic c. Xia c. Shang c. Zhou c. Western Zhou. Eastern Zhou. Spring and Autumn. Warring States. Qin — BCE. Western Han. Eastern Han. Three Kingdoms — Wei , Shu and Wu. Jin — Western Jin. Eastern Jin. Sixteen Kingdoms. Northern and Southern dynasties — Sui — Tang — Wu Zhou — Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms — Liao — Song — Northern Song.

Western Xia. Southern Song. Western Liao. Yuan — Ming — Qing — Republic of China on the mainland — People's Republic of China —present. Sep 08, Jilly rated it did not like it Shelves: fantasy , hated-it. The only thing that could make this book okay is if the author donated all of the money made on it to battered women's shelters to help the women who have suffered the atrocities that she is trying to glamorize in this book. Rape is never romantic. Domestic abuse is never forgivable.

Slavery is never acceptable. We start out with a "hunt" where women are in a corral and are set loose to run for their lives as men on horses hunt them down, rape them, tear off all their clothes, and then display th The only thing that could make this book okay is if the author donated all of the money made on it to battered women's shelters to help the women who have suffered the atrocities that she is trying to glamorize in this book.

She now belongs to him. Let the raping begin!! Many of these women have been captured from foreign lands and have no grasp of the language, so they don't know what their new "husbands" are saying to them, just that they are in a living hell of captivity and rape with a savage. This is what happens to our hero, Circe. But, Circe is "lucky" because she is raped and captured by the king, Lahn, who considers her his "Golden Queen", so he sends in an interpreter to try to communicate with her.

This interpreter tells her that this is their warrior ways and she needs to get her crap together and start acting right or else things could get even worse for her. So, Circe decides that her captor is kinda cute cuz, don't we all forgive rapists if they are cute, huh, girls?

And, it's all sweet love and happiness - Stockholm Syndrome Style! Until, he decides that she was bad by not telling him where she was for a while, and he backhands her across the face, knocking her into next week. Bring in the magic interpreter!!!

She must explain that this, yet again, is just their warrior ways. Plus, he's ho-ot! It's just the way he is. He's passionate! You don't gotta leave him cuz he's got such strong feelings! And, he feels bad! He won't do it again! So, of course, Circe forgives him and true love travels on. This book is determined to degrade women in every possible way and act like it is somehow forgivable because it is all part of this savage culture. But, here's the thing. The author made up this culture!!

She decided to create this culture of violence against women. I just have to ask myself, "Why? I just don't get it. View all comments. If only it was a bad dream, but no, the warrior king sees her, fights for her, and wins her. Right after the brutal claiming rape , she is presented to his people as their golden queen. Yep, poor Circe had it bad right from the start, and now "I gave up a world for you. Yep, poor Circe had it bad right from the start, and now she has to deal with the king, her husband now, who is a brute savage, raised as a warrior in a culture so beyond different than hers.

But poor Circe is pretty lucky cause that king turns out not to be so bad after all, and he earns her trust and affection as the book goes on. The way they live, their rules and laws are so different from hers that she has trouble adjusting I mean seriously, who wouldn't , but as Lahn shows her his sweet side and as they get closer, she comes to peace with the fact that she'll probably never return home.

And so they both have to adapt, Lahn to Circe's weird ways, and she to his. Circe was a lot of fun to read, especially the parts when she does something wrong and has no idea about it :D One thing about her I just didn't get and it's the only thing in this book that bothers me, how after view spoiler [three days of rape it takes one touch on her clit for her to be hot for him.

Sorry, just don't buy that at all. What else I said about the only thing that bothered me in the book above in the Lahn and Circe sections, it just isn't believable to me, but it still didn't make me love the book less : Oh yes and it made me cry, even in the re-read : When Dortak's wife view spoiler [dies and the rain starts hide spoiler ] , and later on when they have view spoiler [the big fight hide spoiler ].

Btw it's a coincidence that I have the same name as Dortak's wife, only hers is spelled differently. It doesn't make me feel good cause of the way she ended up : Just my luck ahahhaah And I was thinking If everyone in this world has a duplicate in the Fantasyland And Lahn's taken there Every single book I've read, 21 to date, has become a keeper because the characters and their stories grab hold and just will not let go!

How is it possible that this happens time and time again, you ask? Well, when I sit down to read a book and escape the crap that comes with real life, it's not the properly placed semi colon or comma that makes me sigh, nor is it the perfectly structured sentence that brings tears to my eyes, it's the amazing characters, the characters who stop being just words on the page and become living, breathing people And this book, like all the others, has given me the very same.

Keeping in mind this is a primitive and, what we would consider a barbaric culture, I feel I should mention that this book contains graphic scenes of violence against women, and rape, while never shown on the page, is also part of that culture. For these reasons, and many more, I so admired Circe. Her compassion, her strength, her capacity to love The language barrier, the cultural and moral differences… so much stood in the way of The Warrior King Lahn and his Golden Queen Circe getting their happily ever after.

But they knew what they had, what they could have, and they ached for it, reached for it, bled for it Shelves: audio , top-audios , para-fantasy-series , kristen-ashley , steamy , best-of-the-bestest. I will be back. Well, that might be a slight exaggeration…but it might also be pretty bloody accurate. I was having a think on why I love re-reading, or in a lot of cases listening to an audio for a re-read, so much. I think re-reading is like being a stunt person.

You know the layout, study the highs and lows and know when the scary parts are coming up. You can brace all you like, but you will still feel the impact. Sometimes those impacts will leave marks and other times you are so sure you're going to get hurt, you skirt around it at the last moment. Reading, or in my case, re-reading for the 21st time still a little shocked at that , The Golden Dynasty is exactly like that. I know when all of the bad bits are coming up and I prepare for the impact as much as I can, but still, manage to come away bruised and battered.

I need to give my full attention and make sure nothing can distract me or take away my attention from it. This will not be the last time that I bring out The Golden Dynasty to cheer me up. For me, this is a book that will always take me to my happy place.

An epic read that takes you from the lowest lows to the highest highs. I can brace all I like, prepare all I want, but the impacts will still move me, mark me and stay with me forever. Today was a baking day for my son's birthday. He turned thirteen and put a request in for snickerdoodles and a chocolate cake. Luckily the boys were at school because it was a teary baking session and I needed to be alone to sniffle in private.

She does both male and female really well and I never hesitated in knowing when the characters changed. The emotional scenes were done really well and I could hear the anger, frustration, hesitation and passion for each character. The narrator deserves special mentioning for her interpretation of the Korwahk language.

It was like Ms Hooper had been using it for years with no hesitation whatsoever. I loved the audio and I'm pretty sure this will be on my regular re-listening schedule. I can't wait for more of this series to come out and I hope the narrator stays the same. How I diagnosed my condition was by studying my feelings while reading Kristen Ashley books. I recognised an overwhelming desire to re-read every book Kristen Ashley has written over and over again.

This is not a one off situation either. How do I manage my condition…with a lot of perseverance and a one-click management program of buying more and more books to distract me from KA. How to write a review for an epic tale like The Golden Dynasty? I have no bloody idea how to do it justice. This book brings out the most intense feelings in me about subjects that I would normally abhor.

These guys are into fighting, raiding, drinking, partying and having sex. To find their wives and partners they make it a game… The Wife Hunt. Circe is from Seattle and wakes up in an alternate universe smack bang in the middle of the Wife Hunt. She has no idea how she got there but learns pretty damn quickly that she better get her head screwed on and run. We see through her eyes the horrors of the event and what she must survive. Luckily, she makes friends and learns their language which helps her settle into her new life.

Dax Lahn is king of his people. When Circe is paraded before him, he feels an instant connection. Lahn must learn patience and compromise to gain affection from Kah Lahnahsahna My Tigress. This story is about struggling in a new world, learning to accept people for who they are and what they stand for and adjusting your expectations.

We see a man who is also a king learn that the old ways are not always the best ways. We meet some wonderful characters in Diandra, Narinda, Bain and Zahnin. We also meet some truly awful characters. Dortak and King Baldur made my skin crawl with their evilness and greed that jumped right off the pages.

I took extreme pleasure in reading his suffering. Each couple in the book before and books after are connected by the quest to bring peace and goodwill to their universe. Luckily the heroines have friends to help and husbands who at first can be brutal, but learn to be loving.

This is one of the most intense books I have ever read. My feelings were like a rollercoaster. I loved the friendships formed and the connections made between the people and their Golden Queen. The communication difficulties had me laughing at times and made me appreciate the difficulties Circe faced learning the Korwahk language. I became frustrated at the warriors for what they made their wives put up with, which contradicted the love and appreciation they show them.

View all 80 comments. Oct 14, Aestas Book Blog rated it it was amazing Shelves: favorites. Kristen Ashley never ceases to amaze me with the beauty of the books she writes. There were parts of this book that were gruesome, brutal and sickening, parts that were swoony, heart-melting and utterly precious and ultimately it told a beautiful story about compromise, understanding and acceptance.

The story follows Cir 5. The story follows Circe, who went to sleep one night in her bed in Seattle and woke up in a nightmare world. It is a common practice by the Korwahk people with the purpose of finding wives for their warriors. Now, this is something which under normal circumstances would turn me way the hell off a book.

I wont say anything here that will spoil the story, but I will try and give a little bit of a general explanation so that in case you, like me, read that description and kinda balk and start backing away while wondering if there was any way in the world you could ever love a hero who would do such a thing, then maybe this will help you understand him a little before the start of the story. There is a LOT of emphasis made in this book about how this is their culture.

The people in their culture including the women! They are a prosperous, thriving culture. These are their customs. These are their ways. Yes, to outsiders, and to us, their ways are savage, brutal, barbaric, cruel, take your pick, but to them, this is their world.

And, after the brutal first scene in the book, The Wife Hunt which, by the way, was not very graphic , things do start to gradually change a little…. And for a guy from such a brutal culture, he was actually pretty darn swoony!! And Circe is just an incredible heroine — she is strong-willed, fiesty, sassy, deeply understanding and I instantly felt connected to her character. And not long into the book, it becomes abundantly clear how proud Lahn is of her, of having found a warrior women.

And he really does do his best, in his own savage-brute way, of trying to figure her out. It was totally, completely, endearing - the big brutish warrior King and his Seattle chick Queen. The thing was that regardless of the fact that this was their culture, there was still the issue that that Circe was NOT from it and so Lahn had to learn to make concessions along the way too. And whenever he screwed up, I loved that she totally stood up to him. Which he, in turn, found endearing…. Reeeeeeeally hard.

Borderline impossible. But I really just tried to go into it with an open mind and realize that a lot of the things that to me, I found demeaning or heartless were really the results of my own culture speaking. Its a hard thing to wrap your mind around. It helped though, that Lahn just melted my heart. Do you understand this? Basically, she never lost who she was or her spirit or her character but still found ways to accept him and his culture and compromise.

To me, he was raping me. This is a contradiction that it is difficult to come to terms with and although it does not heal the pain we felt, a memory seared into our brains, the terror we experienced, I cannot say it does not provide just enough balm to allow me to live with it.

Lahn did do a lot of brutal things, but for some reason, I found myself forgiving him. Not excusing or justifying his actions or even accepting them, but understanding and forgiving him. And the SOLE reason I felt that was was that I could see and sense all along that he was really, genuinely trying to be a good guy by her standards.

He was trying to adapt and compromise. That was his redeeming quality in my eyes. A big Alpha guy who is Alpha enough to apologize and ask for forgiveness without losing an ounce of his Alpha-ness and also, more importantly, learn from his mistake is the kind of character I pretty much just fall head over heels in love with.

I kind of also think that I might have been more okay with the issues in this book than the last one because despite the brutality of them, they are out in the open. This is just about the clear cultural RIFT between two people who come from vastly different worlds. He is the mightiest of Suh Tunak, recognized the battle he had on his hands, analyzed it, created his strategy and then he went about winning that battle using any means necessary.

And…my Lahn won that battle. I now lay awake at night waiting for him to return. When he does not, I fall asleep looking forward to the morning when he will wake me with his hands. He is my king, he is my warrior, he is my husband and I am proud to say above all…he is mine. KA did an incredible job of creating a believable, beautiful sounding and fairly detailed Korwakh language and I loved that I actually started being able to understand what they were saying without translation.

But seriously, when Lahn spoke English, even when he only knew a few words, my heart just melted into a puddle of goo. He could be sweet. And that sucked. I whispered to him, doing it because I knew he would have no clue to a word I was saying.

That sucks. I lifted a hand and placed it on his chest. He looked down at it but his eyes came back to mine when I spoke. Everything from ceremonies to rides to contests to executions to tender, beautiful private time to hot intense private time… I totally fell into this world and into this story. It definitely made my favorites shelf. View all 87 comments.

Shelves: favorites. He can Kah Lahnahsahna whatever sahna sahna me whenever he wants. I think I died just about a thousand times from swooning. View all 57 comments. I love dark, controversial romances that make you love them in spite of all reason.

This was one of those stories. I spent as much time cringing as I did smiling, but I couldn't have asked for more. I loved this one! If you've read many of Ms. Ashley's books, then it goes without saying that the hero is an over-the-top Alpha. In his world, the men are warriors that are prized for their physical dominance and ability to take what they want, including a wife. As they roam around raiding villages, they murder, rob and rape.

They are barbarians. Circe goes to sleep in her world, but wakes up in a parallel world. She has no idea of how she ended up there, unlike Finnie who agreed to trade places with her otherworldly twin in the first book. A quick assessment of the situation has Circe, rightfully, terrified. She has awoken to a real-life nightmare. Along with several other women, Circe is caged. Provided only scraps of clothing, she is told that she has been selected to participate in a great Korwahk tradition.

What tradition? The wife hunt. The wife hunt is exactly what it sounds like. A group of women are rounded up and dressed in skimpy outfits. Then, after being displayed for the Horde warriors, they are released The men track down the women, overpowering any other warrior challengers, and "claim" their wife right then and there. To say the least, this is a horrific, traumatic and uncivilized tradition.

This is how Circe comes to be Dax's wife. Understandably, she hated him. Their relationship developed gradually. Eventually, it turned into something beautiful. This was a story that appealed to baser urges. As primitive as Dax could be, he revered his wife in his own way. This was something that Circe came to recognize and appreciate. Granted, she was far more forgiving that I could have ever imagined possible Even as the feminist side of me thinks that I should be appalled by this story, the honest part of me has to admit that I was completely addicted.

Circe came to wield a great deal of power in her own way, capitalizing upon the great deal of admiration that her husband had for her. It certainly wasn't a politically correct type of story, but it was beautiful in it's own right.

I fell in love with Dax, right along with Circe. Here was this super-tough, barbarous bad-ass, who truly couldn't understand why his behaviors were so off-putting to his new wife. Even as he was determined to dominate her, he was saddened to think of his actions crushing her spirit in any way. He wanted her to submit to him, while loving the fight and her spirit. If you are looking for a romance with a hot-headed Alpha hero, then look no further. This book will not disappoint.

It is by far, my favorite of the books in this series. On the other hand, if you are sensitive to darker subject matter, like rape and physical violence, then you'll want to steer clear of this one. It is full to the brim with controversial topics.

All the more reason for me to love it, but I know that isn't the case for many readers. Be forewarned. Check out more of my reviews at www. View all 39 comments. Mar 22, Christy rated it it was amazing. MORE than 5 stars!!! Love her books. Some are good, most are great, and a few are exceptional.

This is an exceptional read! Such an amazing story! Loved every single thing about it! I went to bed in my bed in a world I understood and I woke up here in a world that was entirely foreign to me, everything about it, and not one thing about it was good. And now I was running for my life.

It is the way of the Korwahk, how they choose their brides. Dax Lahn is not just a alpha male, he is the alpha male. Circe is freaked. With the help of a translator who later becomes a friend, Dax Lahn and Circe start to communicate. Lahn is crazy about Circe. He loves how fierce she is. She is his true Golden Queen. They are both devoted to each other. Even though their cultures are completely different, they both attempt to make concessions to make one another happy.

The love they share is deep. Not you, my tigress, the night of your claiming, even in the moonlight, I could see your spirit shining from your eyes. You hold your spirit close to the surface for all to behold and it is the most beautiful thing I have ever seen. She was also strong and tough, but so funny, feisty and quirky. She was soft, but she also had what it took to be a Queen.

I loved how possessive she got over Lahn. A beautiful love story that was just epically good. There is some drama, angst, a lot of action and romance! These Fantasyland books have me looking forward to the day my other world twin decides to switch places with me ; hehe! Anyway, this is one of my absolute favorite KA reads! View all 89 comments. Re-read for probably the 5th time 3. I sat at your side through things people in my world would find loathsome and I did it with my head held high.

I even felt pride that I could endure, that I could be a good queen to you. Everything I did in this fucking place, even before Re-read for probably the 5th time 3. Everything I did in this fucking place, even before I fell in love with you, was for…fucking Every time I read it, it's not just as good, it's better.

This is my go to KA book for whenever I'm in a slump. No review, no words, nothing will ever do this book justice. If you have read it, you know exactly what I mean. And if you haven't I really don't know what you're waiting for. Dax Khan is the alpha to beat all alphas.

I'm not even kidding. Not slightly exaggerating. He's just THAT good. I could sit here and regurgitate the synopsis or plot for you, but really that would just kill the experience that is this book. And trust me, this is one of those books that needs to be experienced Having said that, this book might not be for everyone. There are moments in here that were very tough to stomach; violence, rape, forced seduction.

You have to take into perspective that this is written in a land that is MUCH different, it's primitive, it's savage, brutal, and unlike anything you can imagine. You have to be prepared to go out of your comfort zone to truly enjoy this book. This is just one of those KA books that will wring a multitude of emotions from you. There are 3 scenes here that never fail to hit me right in the feels.

Ashley's writing is really what makes this story incredible. She is able to paint a picture for the reader through her writing, that you experience everything along with the characters. Circe is transported to a land much different from her own, and straight into a wife hunt. She is forced to get used to their traditions, their ways and their language.

The way that the language barrier is written is pure genius, because the reader gets to experience learning it along with Circe. It's just pure utter brilliance. Read only if you've seen the first season of the show view spoiler [I love that KA gave us a HEA that I so desperately wanted for the couple in the show hide spoiler ] Beautiful!

View all 58 comments. I loved it. I can't even write a review about it because I would butch it. View all 7 comments. Jul 03, NMmomof4 rated it it was amazing Shelves: fantasy-scifi , military-security-government , suspense , not-safe , separation-without-other-partners , star , famous-wealthy-popular , unlikely-couple , favorites , contract-or-marriage-of-convenience.

I did enjoy it more hence my increase in stars and didn't have as many issues with the h as I did before. That could very well be because I remembered how everything works out and wasn't experiencing it for the first time. I think this will go along with Sweet Dreams as a book that I will turn to when I am looking for a good and reliable re-read. I do wish the ending had more of their HEA though Nothing else to add — same old same old! Overall Opinion: This was an enjoyable read!

I'm not usually a fantasy or pnr fan, but if anyone has recommendations for books that are similar to this one -- please share! After reading such raving reviews I hesitantly started this one hesitant because I was worried my expectations would let me down again , and I'm happy I read it! Definitely not KA's typical story, but enjoyable all the same. I did, however, struggle with the h and her stubbornness at times.

This also didn't have the epic epilogue that I come to expect from KA. I don't think this is "safe", because this has some scenes and aspects that many will struggle with see Trigger spoiler tag below. Personally, I think in understanding that this is an alternate universe and with a completely different and primitive culture made it a little easier to accept those things.

Overall this was a fun read, and I can see this being one I might re-read again down the road! Circe wakes up and finds herself in a cage with several other women that are telling her that she is part of the "wife hunt".

She realizes quickly that she has no idea where she is or who these other people are. She then finds herself on the run while these huge, savage men chase after her and chain themselves to her neck. She ends up captured by the King of the strange land, and she is the new queen. After some rough first encounters, some huge language and cultural barriers, and some acceptance from Circe that this is her new reality -- she starts to adapt to her new life.

Lahn is a fierce warrior to his people, but inside their home he is sweet and caring for Circe and they fall in love. There are some suspenseful moments, some sexy times, and some sweet scenes Overall Pace of Story: Good. This is KA, so it's long! It even felt long at times, but I never skimmed and I thought it flowed well it just was a lot that went on packed into the one book!

Instalove: No. BUT I think they move quickly and their circumstances definitely contribute to that, so it didn't feel insta to me. H rating: 4 stars. I liked him. He made some big mistakes, but he was definitely a product of his upbringing because he didn't see the wrong in his actions at first.

I loved how he cared for the h. She adapted pretty well considering it was some crazy circumstances, but I did feel like she was a little too stubborn at times though. I cried a few times, but I never needed any tissues. The H is the main pursuer of the relationship.

They have some good tension, chemistry, and scenes -- but not so much it takes away from the story. She asks the H to stop using the slaves, and he agrees. It's never outright said that he had sexual relations with the slaves after he was married, but it kinda felt implied. Safety: This one is probably Not Safe for most safety gang readers.

View all 11 comments. Mar 21, Kristen rated it it was amazing Shelves: violent , fabulous-secondary-characters , great-ending , steamy , strong-willed-heroine , touch-of-paranormal , thought-provoking , fabulous-characterizations , 5-star , fabulous-characters. December 29, Update I decide to give this book another try and I'm so glad I did. Even though I still struggled with the rape scene at the beginning of the story, I believe this to be Kristen Ashley's best work.

It's not my favorite but it's brilliantly and superbly written. I'm so glad I gave it another chance. April 12, DNF I did not finish this book due to personal reasons. Because there is no disclaimer at the beginning of the book, I feel the need to let potential readers kno December 29, Update I decide to give this book another try and I'm so glad I did.

Because there is no disclaimer at the beginning of the book, I feel the need to let potential readers know about some of the content within the story. You might want to read this book with caution. April 18, Update : I am aware that certain readers have a profound dislike for Kristen Ashley and her work. I sincerely hope that my comments about this particular book will not be used to exploit their cause.

View all 72 comments. Shelves: nope , kill-with-fire , , rape-fantasy , tstl-heroine , domineering-rage-beast. Review contains strong themes including rape The Golden Dynasty by Kristen Ashley is the story of Circe, a modern woman from Seattle, who wakes up in a parallel universe. She is upon waking subjected to a so called wife hunt, rape and forced into marriage. I didn't like this book at all and I especially loathe the her Review contains strong themes including rape The Golden Dynasty by Kristen Ashley is the story of Circe, a modern woman from Seattle, who wakes up in a parallel universe.

While there are numerous other things that irritated me in this book such as the ridiculous made up language and the bad writing; punctuation errors, paragraphs overflowing with unnecessary adjectives, and all those inconsequential details that really don't make the world building any better they really all pale in comparison. In order to create a depth of differences between the main characters, not only of language, but of morality, ethics and of a sense of right and wrong, the author created a fantasy world; A misogynistic country dominated by chauvinistic, brutal men, a society in which masculinity and violence are emphasized and a culture in which rape and violence towards women are normalized.

The world depicted in this book is made up of a brute horde of men who see it as their right to rape, abduct and abuse women. With this social order of dominant male warriors Kristen Ashley created the perfect psychological setting for these men to vent their hatred of women. The characters: The female mc Circe is a modern woman. A modern woman, who was raised in equality to men, with rights, with freedom, with the choice to say no and above all, with a sense of right and wrong.

But she strives to accept her new husband after he repeatedly rapes, beats and mistreats her and she strives to accept this misogynistic world of the Korwahk with "their way". As she becomes the new Korwahk queen, is given pretty jewelry and clothes, she surrounds herself with her circle of friends and screens herself off from the rest of the people. She really does not understand the concept of slavery and is actually baffled when one of her slaves betrayes her for her own people and her freedom Teetru, the strongest, most likeable woman in this book as she actually fights against this society.

This kind of ignorance, born from looking the other way and being able to ignore the horror when it is not happening right in front of one's eyes, makes her such a weak and detestable woman. She gets wrapped in this bubble by Lahn and is pampered as the Korwahk queen.

She puts on her rose colored glasses and sits contently back surrounded by her friends, forgetting, ignoring or looking the other way I never figured out which as the rest of the women in this world continue to suffer. And she has seen what women are subjected to by their husbands! While she made a rather pointless attempt to help one woman, she never stopped to look at the bigger picture, never broke the silence and raised her voice against all the wrongness of this society, never tried to change the way things are , and never fought for justice and equality for women.

If someone is raised to believe such values are fundamentally their right, how would one know of the wrongness of their acts? He is a brutal, cruel and ruthless warrior, who led his entire life as such, who takes what he wants regardless of the suffering of others.

That he would come to view rape as an act of wrongness, after instrumenting it continuously as a weapon and as a way to control and subdue women, is just plain unbelievable. Especially after it is impressed upon Circe how crucial it is, that he as king must not be seen as weak or challenges would be issued.

That a person can change their entire being, their entire belief of what is right and wrong, in a matter of days is not only absurd but is a dangerous message to send. The romance: First off, in my opinion, such a relationship never has a chance. Never mind the way he treats her, but there is literally a world of differences between the two and it's just not realistic that their relationship can ever work out. But that is beside the point, as this is about how the romance is depicted the book.

Their relationship progresses with no explanation and because of that, is not believable. Lahn falls in instant lust with her because she's the only blond woman. Then, after being raped continuously for three days, Circe one day just literally has an orgasm during another attack and she starts calling Lahn by pet names at the same time.

This is the man who raped her for days! It just continues this way; there is no believable romance between the main characters, Circe forgives Lahn for his mistreatment of her and romanticizes the times when he acts different towards her. The society and "their way": Seeing how this society is depicted in the book, the use of gender violence to control and subdue women becomes apparent.

Women in this society do not have any rights; they cannot speak up for themselves and have no legal way of seeking justice. Those who are raised in this society are forced into subordinate positions; those who fight back against their oppressors are sentenced to death. The punishments for treason committed by women are sexual assault, violent rape, public humiliation and finally death.

Women are kidnapped in raids and kept as slaves. But all this doesn't matter to the female mc, for love is more important than such things as equality, freedom, justice and the right to choose. Gender violence is used to assert control over women of other countries as well: Raids and attacks on villages on the borders are committed as common occurrence.

Sexual violence and rape of women are used as a weapon of war. While the heroine is horrified when she learns of these raids she only asks that Lahn not rape anyone - because then he would be cheating! First, the use of rape in times of war is not a result of conflicts and not only about sex, but it is a pre-planned and deliberate military strategy and a weapon of war.

That he, as their leader, would agree not to rape anyone and thus not use one of their most devastating weapons of war is just not believable. Sexual violence is a weapon of war used to humiliate and terrify, to destroy societies and to eliminate cultural and religious traditions.

Especially as it was pointed out in the book, that he as Korwahk King has to lead a strong example and not show weakness to avoid uprisings. And second, a woman is here conditioning another woman to assume the responsibility of a man's sexuality and of controlling his behavior. I don't even have to point out how wrong it is, to make a woman assume such a responsibility.

In addition to rape, girls and women of these attacked villages are abducted and forced into slavery. Women are kidnapped for the wife hunt and forced into marriages. But Circe accepts the use of rape as a weapon, the abduction and abuse of women, slavery and the overriding war culture as the new social norm because "it is their way". The depiction of misogyny: The way that rape is depicted in this book is utterly sexist. But this is completely contradicted later on in the book, when we learn that they do indeed know the difference between consensual sex and rape.

The female mc's acceptance of "their way": Now, the heroine struggled — understandably — to accept this society of prevailing warriors and their king Lahn. Her friend Diandra most adamantly insists that Circe must accept her new husband and their way, while the threat of violence hangs over her head should she not conform to her new social role. And so Circe changes a lot - not to the better - during the book and with her, her views on the way things are.

After three weeks, she not only accepts this society , but also sees nothing wrong anymore with "their way" : In the beginning of the book she was naturally horrified by the way a warrior raped and abused his wife, Mahyah, and she even tried to help her. She also automatically hated that warrior because of the way he treated his wife. But then, later on in the book, Circe goes from sympathizing with a woman who was being badly abused by her husband to this: Then she [Sabine] got up and quickly backed away, her eyes glued in fear to Zahnin, her body shaking.

I studied her. Yep, this was why Zahnun was in such a bad mood. Three weeks [of rape] and she was still like this? The woman was abducted and raped for three weeks and Circe is fucking worried about the rapist's fucking bad mood and is surprised that his victim "is still like this"?

What the fuck! Circe goes from despising a man because of how he mistreats a woman to actually liking another man who rapes a woman for weeks. She goes from trying to help a woman escape from her rapist to actually "helping" another woman stay with her rapist! This does not condone such acts. It does not make them all right.

It most certainly does not serve as a way to justify them. And it definitely does not mean that women have to accept them just because it is their way! Gender violence in this book is sanctioned in the name of tradition, because "it is their way". The way this society is set up and the way that Circe just accepts her subordinate place in it maintains the male dominance and female subjugation of this world and the violence against women is a manifestation of this unequal power relationship between men and women.

But instead of fighting against this status quo, Circe fights to accept it! While girls were kidnapped in Nigeria earlier this year, sold into slavery and forced into marriages, here is this book by Kristen Ashley, in which the female mc is also kidnapped and forced into a marriage. She is told that she must accept everything as it is because "it is their way". And she fucking does! What kind of message does that send?

Because, the Islamic extremists are also following their way. Does that condone or justify their horrendous acts? I honestly can not understand all those five star ratings. I am guessing - and really hoping - that the author's only intention with this book, was to send the message that love conquers all differences. Women and men should never, ever have to accept such a status quo just because it is "their way"!

View all 21 comments. Nov 09, Wendys Wycked Words rated it it was amazing Shelves: abuse-neglect , alpha-goodness , series , mf-romance , steamy , stand-alone , favorites , will-read-again , angsty , wtf. I have read this wonderful book many many times. I can honestly say, that this is my absolute favorite KA book I never took the time to review this one though, because I love it so much I have so many many feelings about this one, that I don't even know how or where to start.

Being that this is one of my all time favorite books though, I felt I had to write down something Circe is a 35 ye I have read this wonderful book many many times. Circe is a 35 year old woman from Seattle. She has a wonderful life. Her mother was murdered when she was 10, but she has a very loving father, who means the world to her. She has a good job working for his company and a lot of friends. She is single and a bit unlucky in love, but all in all she is very happy One day she wakes up in a cage with a bunch of other women, in a world that is not her own.

Everything is different. The people, the time, the land, the language Thankfully one of the women speaks her language and explains to her what is going on. Apparently all the women are part of a ritual called "The Wife Hunt". Korwahk tribe has this ritual every 2 years.

All the women are paraded in front of the warrior men Did I say hunted This is how they capture their new wife. Once captured, they are claimed Did I say raped Now Circe is fucked, not only because she woke up in a parralel universe and is about to be hunted and claimed. He is supposed to be a cold and heartless warrior and he is about to hunt her down. Which is what he does. He hunts, captures and rapes her. I won't lie, it was hard to read.

Circe is claimed and crowned "the golden queen" to her new warrior husband. Things don't get much easier. Circe does not speak the language, she can't make herself clear. So the violations keeps happening He doesn't talk to her and just keeps taking That's when Diandra comes in and things start to change.

Diandra has been living with the Kohrwak tribe for a long time and is married to one of the warriors. She however speaks english and is to be Circe's translator. Slowly communication becomes easier and Circe and Lahn start connecting. They become closer and closer and it was beautiful to read and see how much Lahn liked his new bride I loved the language thing Kay jahnan nahna lisa, na uvan tee luh kay.

Ana kay jahnan nahna pahnsahna, Circe. Kay nayeesan tee. I will have your mouth, you will give it to me.

Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read.

Deca steroids for sale A sancai figurine of a plump lady holding a Dog, Tang dynasty. Turchin, Peter; Adams, Jonathan M. Flat ornate buttoning systems are typically used to secure the collar and fit the garment around the neck and upper torso. This does not condone such acts. This includes hollow, gunpowder-filled exploding cannonballs[] land mines that used a complex trigger mechanism of falling weights, pins, and a steel wheellock to ignite the train of fuses, [] naval mines, [] fin-mounted winged rockets for aerodynamic control, [] multistage rockets propelled by is albert pujols on steroids rockets before igniting a swarm of smaller rockets issuing forth from the end of the missile shaped like a dragon's head[] and hand cannons that had up to ten barrels. How I diagnosed my condition was by studying my feelings while reading Kristen Ashley books.
Golden dynasty dragon code of ethics The lost golden staff of the dragon queen 1973
Dragon age inquisition xbox 360 gameplay british airways But all this doesn't matter to the female mc, for love is more important than such things as equality, freedom, justice and the right to choose. Hanfu is a term used for the historical styles of clothing worn by the Han people in China. Categories : Ming dynasty Imperial China Dynasties in Chinese history Former countries in Chinese history establishments in Asia 14th century in China 14th-century establishments in China 15th century in China 16th century in China 17th century in China s disestablishments in China disestablishments in Asia States and territories disestablished in States and territories established in Most of the inhabitants of Manchuria, except for the Wild Jurchenswere at peace oral steroids for nerve pain China. This story is about struggling in a new world, learning to accept people for who they are and what they stand for and adjusting your expectations.
Dragon cuff links vintage hong kong gold Han rebels in the first half of the Qing who objected to Biogen gear steroids hairstyle wore the braid but defied orders to shave the front of the head. One report says his death was a suicide; another states that he was beaten to death by peasants after he was caught stealing their food. After the overthrow of the Mongol Yuan dynasty by the Ming dynasty inManchuria remained under control of the Mongols of the Northern Yuan dynasty based in Mongolia. Robes from the Qing emperors are also preserved there. I have enjoyed every single one of her books. S2CID The attempt was to signified the Han Chinese cultural identity after defeating the Yuan dynasty.
Golden dynasty dragon code of ethics Duradex 250 thaiger pharma

Have british pharmaceutical company uk apologise, but

Something personal steroid shot and flu shot explain more

This Golden Dragon 1 energy activation makes a connection to the Earth allowing initiates to pull up the energy of crystals, minerals and metals for healing purposes channelled through the grounding cord and lower main chakras up to the heart chakra, arms and hands. The energy activation also enables initiates to channel higher vibrational energies, mostly for emotional support and balancing at this level through the higher main chakras.

Reiki 1 is required before. The Golden Dragon 2 level represents the official teacher training and includes information about the second symbol and how to perform energy activations attunements to the Golden Dragon level 1 and 2 energies.

This Golden Dragon 2 energy activation is much stronger than level 1 and will further increase your grounding, healing abilities and psychic potential. Reiki 3, Seichem 3 and Golden Dragon 1 required before. It is therefore a great complement to the advanced Ascension energy activations.

Golden Dragon 3 will not only expand your ability to channel astral energies from above through your higher chakras and from the Earth below through your grounding cords , it will also trigger a lot of changes to your energetic being, enabling you to hold more energy and to speed up your ascension journey. Golden Dragon 3 is also associated with DNA activations and healing. After having received this energy activation, you will be able to pass it on to others. The connection to higher levels of energy is open-ended, which means that it will grow as you develop no need for further energy activations to Golden Dragon.

Reiki 3, Seichem 3 and Golden Dragon 2 are required before. Each level includes an energy activation which is a profound healing and spiritual experience. Each energy activation is followed by a deeply transformative day integration period during which it is recommended to practice daily short self-healing meditations at home, with the assistance of a guided meditation track provided as part of ASHATI 1.

Energy activations are often rich in sensations, profoundly relaxing and inspiring. It is believed that 24 emperors of the Ming — and Qing — dynasties sat on the Dragon Throne. Most scholars agree that the 11th emperor of the Ming Dynasty, Emperor Jiajing, who ruled from to , was the first to use the dragon throne. The gold-lacquered throne stands on a seven-stepped platform. It has three red gilded columns on each side and is made of nanmu, one of the most valuable and slow-growing trees in China.

The Dragon Throne of the Emperor of China. It is an example of extraordinary craftsmanship and features 13 gold dragons, all looking in different directions, while 12 gold dragons on the back look directly at the throne. The body of the throne is adorned with dragons and lotus petal patterns. The ceiling above the throne is ornamented with a golden dragon holding a pearl in its mouth, known as the Xuanyuan mirror.

It is believed to be the guardian of the true heir to the throne. According to legend, the pearl would fall off the ceiling if an illegitimate Emperor sat on the throne. It has a large Sumeru base and is difficult to lift or move due to its great weight. The throne was not particularly comfortable to sit on, but the Emperor had to use it since he was sitting symbolically at the center of his empire.

Emperor Yongzheng — made it very clear that the dragon throne was not to be regarded as any other piece of furniture in the palace. One day, he noticed a servant sweeping the floor in the Hall beside the throne with his head up. He demanded that everyone should bow and show their respect to the throne as if it was part of the Emperor himself. Emperor Qianlong — , from the Qing Dynasty, took things even further. He demanded that in his absence from the palace, the dragon throne should be treated as if it were the Emperor himself.

For instance, when the Emperor was celebrating his 83rd birthday at the Mountain Resort in Chenghe, many people came to the palace, paying respect to the throne as if the Emperor himself was present. Jacob Ehnmark from Sendai, Japan.

ORGANON BOUGHT BY MERCK

Life along the Nile b. Egyptian Social Structure c. Dynasties d. Mummies e. Pyramids f. Women of Ancient Egypt 4. The Early Middle East a. Life in Sumer b. Babylonia c. Hammurabi's Code: An Eye for an Eye d. Assyrians: Cavalry and Conquests e. Persian Empire f.

Phoenicians: Sailing Away g. Hebrews and the Land of Milk and Honey h. Birth of Christianity i. Muhammad and the Faith of Islam 5. Ancient Greece a. Rise of City-States: Athens and Sparta b. Democracy Is Born c. Gods, Goddesses, and Heroes d. Greek Literature e. Art and Architecture f. Thinkers g.

Alexander the Great h. The Olympic Games 6. Ancient Rome a. The Roman Republic b. Julius Caesar c. The Pax Romana d. Life of the People e. Gladiators, Chariots, and the Roman Games f. The Fall of the Roman Empire 7. Africa a. Kingdom of Ghana b. Mali: A Cultural Center c. Benin and Its Royal Court d. Great Zimbabwe e. Life on the Desert 8. South Asia: India and Beyond a. Early Civilization in the Indus Valley b.

The Caste System c. The Rise of Hinduism d. The Birth and Spread of Buddhism e. The Gupta Period of India 9. China a. The Middle Kingdom b. Han Dynasty — Cultural Heights d. Tang Dynasty — The Golden Age e. Taoism and Confucianism — Ancient Philosophies Japan: An Island Nation a. Japanese Religion and Spirituality b.

Early History and Culture c. Feudal Japan: The Age of the Warrior d. The Martial Arts e. Life During the Edo Period Central and South American Empires a. Blood of Kings: The World of the Maya b. Deciphering Maya Glyphs c. The Inca Empire: Children of the Sun d. The Aztec World e. Clash of Cultures: Two Worlds Collide. They date to about B. The History of Plumbing in Babylon Most students don't browse the Web for commercial plumbing supply sites, but here's a concise and nicely told history of the Babylonian sewer system.

Amaze everyone with a detailed description of King Nebuchadnezzar's privy or the town latrine! Code of Hammurabi In the days of Hammurabi, if someone accused an elder of a crime and he was found not guilty, the accuser would be put to death. D ; however, there were some minor alterations to the robe, such as higher waistline and the sleeves are usually left open in a dramatic flare. A mural painting showing man and women wearing loose robes, from the Northern Liang 's Dingjiazha Tomb No.

Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove wearing bao yi bo dai , from rubbing of Eastern Jin molded tomb bricks. A man wearing paofu and a woman wearing guiyi ; laquer painting, Tomb of Sima Jinlong, Northern Wei , c. Dunhuang Fresco of a Woman dressing in guiyi.

Attendants not to be confused with servants on the other hand are depicted as wearing two layers of garment and wore a long skirt reaching the ground with long flowing sleeved jacket. Brick painting of a peasant wearing a full-sleeved youren jacket that reached to knees, Three Kingdoms to Jin , found in Jiayuguan , Gansu. Brick painting of a woman wearing ruqun and a man wearing long robe, Three Kingdoms period. Brick painting of two women wearing ruqun and a female attendant wearing a jacket with skirt, Three Kingdoms period.

Brick painting of group of women wearing jacket and skirt, Three Kingdoms period. Figure wearing a shanqun , and two male figures with upper garment and trousers, Cao Wei , Three Kingdoms period. A dancer wearing ruqun from Dingjiazha Tomb No. Mural painting of men wearing robes, Cao Wei , Three Kingdoms period. During the Western Jin — AD , it became popular to use a cord made of felt to bind trousers.

Due to the frequent wars in this era, mass migration occurred and resulted in several ethnics living together with communication exchange; as such, this period marked an important time of cultural integration and cultural blending, including the cultural exchange of clothings.

During the Northern and Southern dynasties - AD , the dressing style followed the style of the Three Kingdoms and Jin dynasty; robes, skirts, trousers, short jackets, sleeveless jackets were worn while fur coats, especially marten coats, were very rare. Men wearing kuzhe with xi depicted on a Southern dynasty brick relief, unearthed in Dengxian, Henan, Scholars and maids wearing xi with robes and shirt with long skirt underneath, depicted on a Southern dynasty brick relief.

A candle stick holder depicting a man in a robe with a youren opening, Southern dynasty AD. A female figure wearing a shanqun ; the upper garment has a vertical opening, Liang dynasty , Southern dynasty. A male figure wearing a youren opening upper garment and trousers, Liang dynasty , Southern dynasty. Earthenware Nanjing female figure wearing youren upper garment and a skirt with a straight-necked undergarment; d. Southern dynasty. In the Northern dynasties - AD , ordinary women always wore short jackets and coats.

Procession of tomb occupant and his wives, mural painting from the tomb of General Cui Fen; Northern Qi. The garment has a youren opening. Example of a female attendant wearing an early Xianbei garb, the opening is zuoren, unearthed in Sima Jinlong tomb, Northern Wei , AD. Despite the sinicization policies attempted by the Northern Wei court, the nomadic style clothing continued to exist in China until Tang dynasty. At the end of the Northern and Southern dynasties - AD , foreign immigrants started to settle in China; most of those foreign immigrants were traders and buddhists missionaries from Central Asia.

V-neck, long tunic which is below knee-length, with the left lapel of the front covering the right; narrow-sleeved tunic which is worn on top of round-collared undergarment are also depicted. A warrior in Xianbei-style costume, Northern Qi.

The opening of the upper garment is zuoren. Of note, significant changes occurred to the form of the garments which had been originally introduced by the Xianbei and other Turkic people who had settled in northern China after the fall of the Han dynasty ; for example, in the arts and literature which dates from the 5th century, their male clothing appeared to represent the ethnicity of its wearer, but in the 6th century, the attire lost its ethnic significance and did not denote its wearer as Xianbei or non-Chinese.

Following the unification of China under the Sui dynasty - AD , the Sui court abolished the Northern Zhou rituals, it adopted the rituals, practices and ideas of the Han and Cao Wei dynasties , and the clothing code of the Han dynasty was restored. Emperor Yangdi later reformed the dress code in accordance of the ancient customs and news sets of imperial clothing were made. During the Sui dynasty , an imperial decree which regulated clothing colour stated that lower class could only wear muted blue or black clothing; upper class on the other hand were allowed to wear brighter colours, such as red and blue.

Painted pottery of a female attendant, Sui dynasty — AD. Painted pottery of a male attendant, Sui dynasty — AD. Female figurines of musicians, Sui dynasty from Zhang Sheng's Tomb. Emperor Yangdi , Emperor of Sui dynasty , with his servants, painting d.

Many elements of the Tang dynasty clothing traditions was inherited from the Sui dynasty. The women's clothing in the early Tang dynasty was quite similar to the clothing in the Sui dynasty ; the upper garment was a short-sleeved short jacket with a low-cut; the lower garment was a tight-fitting skirt which was tied generally above the waist, and sometimes even up to the armpits, and a scarf was wrapped around their shoulders.

In the middle of the Tang dynasty, women who had a plump appearance were favoured; and thus, the clothings became looser, the sleeves became longer and wider, the upper garment became strapless, and a silk unlined upper garment was worn; they wore "breast dresses". Painting of "A palace concert" , Tang dynasty, c.

Another form of popular fashion in women's attire during the Tang dynasty is the wearing of male clothing; it was fashionable for women to dress in male attire in public and in everyday live, especially during the Kaiyuan and Tianbao AD periods; this fashion started among the members of the nobility and the court maids and gradually spread in the community. The girl in the middle is wearing a yuanlingpao. Female servant in Tang dynasty dressed in a yuanlingpao ; mid 8th century AD.

Men wearing round collar gown with boots, belt, trousers; Mural painting from the Tomb of Wang Chuzhi , Five dynasties and Ten kingdoms period. The Tang dynasty represents a golden age in China's history, where the arts, sciences and economy were thriving. Female dress and personal adornments in particular reflected the new visions of this era, which saw unprecedented trade and interaction with cultures and philosophies alien to Chinese borders.

Although it still continues the clothing of its predecessors such as Han and Sui dynasties, fashion during the Tang dynasty was also influenced by its cosmopolitan culture and arts. Where previously Chinese women had been restricted by the old Confucian code to closely wrapped, concealing outfits, female dress in the Tang dynasty gradually became more relaxed, less constricting and even more revealing.

The stylistic influences of these cultures were fused into Tang-style clothing without any one particular culture having especial prominence. An example of foreign influence on Tang's women clothing is the use of garment with a low-cut neckline. Long Persian trousers and knickers were also worn by women as a result of the cultural and economic exchanges which took place.

It was a kaftan -like robe with tight-fitting sleeves, double overturned lapels, and a front opening; the kuapao could be used as main garment for cross-dressing attendants or could be draped across the shoulders like a cloak. A sancai figurine of a woman holding a parrot, Tang dynasty. The headwear of the women in Tang dynasty also demonstrates evidence of foreign clothing inclusion in their attire.

The influence of hufu eventually faded after the High Tang period , and women's clothing gradually regain a broad and loose fitting, and more traditional Han style clothing was restored. A painting of Tang dynasty women playing with a dog, by artist Zhou Fang , 8th century. Lady musicians in a raised-relief, Tomb of Wang Chuzhi d. Women of Southern Tang holding a baby, 10th century AD. A Buddhist donor from early Northern Song dynasty.

Clothes could be classified into two major types: officials garments further differentiated between court clothing and daily wear , and the garment for ordinary people. Song dynasty court dress often used red colour, with accessories made of different colours and materials, black leather shoes and hats. The form of officials' daily dresses had the same design regardless of rank: round-collared robe with long and loose sleeves; however, the officials were bound to wear different colours according to ranks.

A painting of Sima Guang , Song dynasty. Although some of clothing in the Song dynasty have similarities with previous dynasties, some unique characteristics separate it from the rest. Such clothes were decorated with patterns of peony , camellia , plum blossom , and lily , etc.

Empress Cao wearing a huiyi with two court ladies wearing a round-collar gown with red pleated skirts, Song dynasty. A Song dynasty period painting of Emperor Wen of Han in bianfu. According to the Song dynasty's regulations, ordinary people were only allowed to wear white clothes; but at some point, the regulations changed and ordinary people, as well as administrative clerks and intellectuals, were able to wear black clothes.

A painting, called Sericulture , by the painter Liang Kai in Southern Song dynasty depicts rural labourers in the process of making silk. Weighing and sorting the cocoons, from the painting Sericulture , Southern Song dynasty, c. Rural women wearing pleated skirts with a shan and ru, Song dynasty.

In addition, Neo-Confucian philosophies also determined the conduct code of the scholars. Li Bai is depicted with his bun exposed, possibly due to the poet's heavy Taoist influence. In the capital of Southern Song, clothing-style from Northern China were popular. Many of Song dynasty clothing was adopted in the Yuan and Ming dynasties. The rulers of the Liao dynasty adopted a clothing system which allowed the coexistence of Han Chinese and Khitan clothing.

The Han Chinese men living in the Liao dynasty were not required to wear the shaved Khitan hairstyle which Khitan men wore to distinguish their ethnicity, unlike the Qing dynasty which mandated wearing of the Manchu hairstyle for men. Han Chinese of mixed origins or who have adopted some Khitan customs , for example the Zhang and Hann families, often depicts men dressed in Khitan clothing in corridors and antechambers while inner culture shows haner culture.

Han women on the other hand did not adopt Khitan dress and continued wearing Han dress. Children and servants wear Khitan-style clothing and hairstyle; the standing women wears Han Chinese clothing. Women possibly wearing shanqun upper garment over skirt and beizi Song-style clothing , inner chamber of the Tomb of Zhang Kuangzheng, Liao dynasty.

Khitan women wearing Tang-style clothing; Baoshan tomb No. After the Jin dynasty — AD was founded, the Jin dynasty rulers imitated the Song dynasty and decided to establish their own carriages and apparel system. This Jurchen queue and shaving hairstyle was not enforced on the Han Chinese in the Jin after an initial attempt to do so which was a rebuke to Jurchen values. In AD, many Jurchens appear to have begun adopting Han Chinese behavior and forgetting to forget their own traditions and languages; therefore, the emperor Emperor Shizong of Jin prohibited the Jurchens from dressing like the Han Chinese in AD which they had been doing for forty years and from adopting Chinese family and personal names as he wanted to revitalize the old Jurchen culture.

Emperor Jingzong , the first emperor of Western Xia , rejected Han Chinese silk clothing over the leather and wool clothing of the nomadic people from the Steppe; he argued that the Tanguts had traditionally worn leather-based and wool clothing and since the Tanguts men were military, they also had no use for silk materials. During the Yuan dynasty — AD , Mongol dress was the clothing of elite for both genders. Many Han Chinese and other ethnicities readily adopted Mongol clothing in Northern China to show their allegiance to the Mongols ; however, in Southern China, Mongol clothing was rarely seen as both men and women continued to dress in Song-style garments.

The Song-style clothing is also depicted as consisting of jackets, which were open in the front and had long, narrow and thin sleeves, and sometimes women are depicted as wearing a sleeveless vest-type jackets with front openings. The tomb occupants are Chinese but are wearing Mongol-style clothing.

The female tomb occupant is depicted wearing the woman's red Mongol robe under a short overjacket but does not wear the gugu hat , Shazishan Tomb Fresco, Yuan Dynasty. The type of clothing worn in the Yuan dynasty may have also served as a political statement; for example, despite not being the clothing of the ruling elite, the Tang-Song style clothing worn in multiple layers continued to be worn by families who showed that they were resisting the rule of the Mongols.

A female figure from Vimalakirti and the Doctrine of Nonduality , Yuan dynasty. The Ming dynasty had many Mongol clothes and cultural aspects abolished and enforced Tang dynasty style Han Chinese clothing. As soon as the Hongwu Emperor conquered the Yuan dynasty , he decried the "barbarian customs" of the Yuan dynasty and how people imitated the Mongols for personal gains; and so, he called for the restoration of Han Chinese traditions, which included the proper forms of dress, hairstyles, and attires.

The attempt was to signified the Han Chinese cultural identity after defeating the Yuan dynasty. The use of the damao by the family servants of the Ming officials and the imperial family contributed popularity spread of that hat which eventually become a symbol of low-ranking servants.

The Jinyiwei, also known "Brocade-clad guards", dressed in their uniforms to guard the Emperor's treasures, Ming dynasty. The founder of the Ming dynasty , the Hongwu Emperor , saw the fundamentality of making a new dress code to consolidate his rule; he spent almost all his reigning years developing and institutionalizing dressing regulations, which were recorded in various compilation of texts, such as the Collected Statutes of the Ming Dynasty.

The length of those worn by civil officials is one inch from the ground. The sleeves should be long enough to reach the elbows when they are folded back from the end of the hands; they should be one foot wide, with cuffs of nine inches wide.

So is a military official's; their sleeves should be seven inches over their hands, with cuffs as broad as their fists. Their cuffs are wide enough only for their fists to stretch out". Minor differences can be observed between the Mandarin squares decreed by the Hongwu Emperor and the Jiajing Emperor. The Ming dynasty empresses appeared to be wearing similar dress as their Song dynasty counterparts. The Jiajing Emperor - AD was the last ruler of the Ming dynasty and he made significant changes to the Ming dynasty dressing code in order to consolidate his imperial authority.

The shenyi suddenly made a comeback among Han Chinese and became the formal scholar official robe when the Ming dynasty was founded in AD. Though the Ming dynasty restored Han Chinese clothing, the dynasty also brought many changes. The Ming dynasty implemented the use of gold and silver interlocking buckles to close clothing and collars. While clothing regulation were strictly enforced in the early Ming dynasty; it started to weaken in the Mid-Ming dynasty around the early 16th century which has been attributed to the failing of ritual practice and the expansion of commercialization which has led to a weakened state control over the clothing system, and thus to an eventual dress code transgression.

Vietnamese were ordered to stop cutting and instead grow their hair long and switch to Han Chinese clothing in only a month by a Ming official. Ming administrators said their mission was to civilized the unorthodox Vietnamese barbarians. Hanbok is influenced by Hanfu in Ming dynasty. The Joseon dynasty monarchy looked to Ming China for cultural inspiration.

The upper classes and the court of Joseon wore Ming-style clothing but also made a few modifications to make the clothing look distinctively Korean; this led to the formation of the women's hanbok style. The robes and clothes of the Manchus before entering the customs are called "yijie" in Manchu. They are clothes worn by men, women and children throughout the year.

Each gown is cut from a whole piece of clothing. The basic structure is a round neck, a large flap, a left gusset, four-sided slits, a waistband and horseshoe sleeves. When the Manchus established the Qing dynasty, the authorities issued decrees having Han Chinese men to adopt Manchu hairstyle by shaving their hair on the front of the head and braiding the hair on the back of the head into pigtails. The resistances against the hair shaving policy were suppressed.

Han rebels in the first half of the Qing who objected to Qing hairstyle wore the braid but defied orders to shave the front of the head. One person was executed for refusing to shave the front but he had willingly braided the back of his hair. It was only later westernized revolutionaries, influenced by western hairstyle who began to view the braid as backward and advocated adopting short haired western hairstyles.

His men and Ming prince Zhu Shugui fiercely objected to shaving. Some Han civilian men also voluntarily adopted Manchu clothing like Changshan on their own free will. By the late Qing, not only officials and scholars, but a great many commoners as well, started to wear Manchu attire.

During the Qing dynasty, Manchu style clothing was only required for scholar-official elite such as the Eight Banners members and Han men serving as government officials. For women's clothing, Manchu and Han fashions of clothing coexisted. It was Han Chinese defectors who carried out massacres against people refusing to wear the queue.

Li Chengdong , a Han Chinese general who had served the Ming but defected to the Qing, [] ordered troops to carry out three separate massacres in the city of Jiading within a month, resulting in tens of thousands of deaths.

The third massacre left few survivors. Many of the Han Chinese who belonged to the late Ming dynasty scholars and literati also strongly opposed such edict. However, despite the implementation of tifa yifu policy, the early Qing dynasty court also prohibited Han Chinese from wearing some specific Manchu items and prohibited banner-women from dressing as Han Chinese women in order to maintain ethnic distinction.

After death, their hair could also be combed into a topknot similar to the ones worn by the Han Chinese in Ming; a practice which was observed by the Europeans ; [] men who were wealthy but held no official rank were allowed to be buried in a deep-blue silk shenyi which was edged with bright blue or white band. The ban of Han Chinese clothing also did not apply to performers who wore and displayed Han Chinese clothing when playing in dramas.

Remains of the Ming dynasty subjects also invented various ways to preserve their hairstyle and their Han-style clothing for example, in remote places. Han Chinese rebels who went against the Qing dynasty, like the Taiping rebels , even retained their queue braids on the back but the symbol of their rebellion against the Qing was the growing of hair on the front of the head, causing the Qing government to view shaving the front of the head as the primary sign of loyalty to the Qing rather than wearing the braid on the back which did not violate Han customs and which traditional Han did not object to.

His men and the last Ming dynasty prince, Zhu Shugui — AD , fiercely objected to the shaving decree. During the Taiping rebellion AD , the rebels let their hair grow while others kept their queues hidden under red turbans. Portrait of a lama or a bonze, drawing by William Alexander, draughtsman of the Macartney Embassy to China in Dragon robe, Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. Wang Chanyue? The Qing dynasty court continued to reform and regulate the clothing of its subjects, but discussion on ethnic clothing was a sensitive topic even after the Qing dynasty had consolidated its rule.

It was mistakenly thought that the hunting ancestors of the Manchus skin clothes became Qing dynasty clothing, due to the contrast between Ming dynasty clothes unshaped cloth's straight length contrasting to the odd-shaped pieces of Qing dynasty longpao and chaofu.

The Manchu clothes were modified Han Chinese clothing from Ming China , the Manchus originally did not have their own cloth or textiles and they had to obtain Ming dragon robes longpao , Chaofu and cloth when they paid tribute to the Ming or traded with the Ming.

The robe's jacket waist had a new strip of scrap cloth put on the waist while the waist was made snug by pleating the top of the skirt on the robe. A military attire of the Qianlong Emperor. Qianlong Emperor in Qing court dress. Qing dynasty Empress Robe, reign of Yongzheng Emperor.

Han Chinese court costume chaofu was modified by Manchus by adding a ceremonial big collar da-ling or shawl collar pijian-ling ; the clothing was also reduced in bulk, the sleeves made narrower, and the side-fastening changed from cross-collared to a curved overlapping right front. Flaired skirt with right side fastenings and fitted bodices dragon robes have been found [] in Beijing, Shanxi, Jiangxi, Jiangsu and Shandong tombs of Ming officials and Ming imperial family members. Integral upper sleeves of Ming chaofu had two pieces of cloth attached on Qing chaofu just like earlier Ming chaofu that had sleeve extensions with another piece of cloth attached to the bodice's integral upper sleeve.

Another type of separate Qing clothing, the longpao resembles Yuan dynasty clothing like robes found in the Shandong tomb of Li Youan during the Yuan dynasty. The Qing dynasty chaofu appear in official formal portraits while Ming dynasty chaofu that they derive from do not, perhaps indicating the Ming officials and imperial family wore chaofu under their formal robes since they appear in Ming tombs but not portraits.

Qing longpao were similar unofficial clothing during the Qing dynasty. Qing unofficial clothes, longpao , derived from Yuan dynasty clothing while Qing dynasty official clothing, chaofu , derived from unofficial Ming dynasty clothing, dragon robes. The Ming dynasty consciously modelled their clothing after that of earlier Han Chinese dynasties like the Song dynasty , Tang dynasty and Han dynasty.

In Japan 's Nara city , the Todaiji temple's Shosoin repository has 30 short coats hanpi from Tang dynasty. Ming dragon robes derive from these Tang dynasty hanpi in construction. The hanpi skirt and bodice are made of different cloth with different patterns on them and this is where the Qing chaofu originated.

The eighth century Shosoin hanpi's variety show it was in vogue at the tine and most likely derived from much more ancient clothing. Han dynasty and Jin dynasty — era tombs in Yingban , to the Tianshan mountains south in Xinjiang have clothes resembling the Qing dynasty longpao and Tang dynasty hanpi. The evidence from excavated tombs indicates that China had a long tradition of garments that led to the Qing chaofu, and it was not invented or introduced by Manchus in the Qing dynasty or Mongols in the Yuan dynasty.

The Ming robes that the Qing chaofu derived from were just not used in portraits and official paintings but were deemed as high status to be buried in tombs. In some cases, the Qing dynasty went further than the Ming dynasty in imitating ancient China to display legitimacy with resurrecting ancient Chinese rituals to claim the Mandate of Heaven after studying Chinese classics. Qing sacrificial ritual vessels deliberately resemble ancient Chinese ones even more than Ming vessels.

The Spencer Museum of Art has six longpao robes that belonged to Han Chinese nobility of the Qing dynasty Chinese nobility which shows the diversity of the late 18th and 19th century non-imperial dragon robes. All first, second and third rank officials as well as Han Chinese and Manchu nobles were entitled to wear 9 dragons by the Qing Illustrated Precedents. Qing sumptuary laws only allowed four clawed dragons for officials, Han Chinese nobles and Manchu nobles while the Qing Imperial family, emperor and princes up to the second degree and their female family members were entitled to wear five clawed dragons.

However officials violated these laws all the time and wore 5 clawed dragons and the Spencer Museum's 6 long pao worn by Han Chinese nobles have 5 clawed dragons on them. Qing Dynasty Lady in a red robe, with a xiapei on top of her robe, and a coronet. Han Chinese general Zhang Zhiyuan wearing Qing military outfit. During the Qianlong reign , a man named Liu Zhenyu was executed for urging the return of presumably Ming dynasty clothing. At the beginning of the Qing dynasty, Han Chinese women were expected to continue the Han Chinese clothing of the Ming dynasty.

In the middle of the Qing dynasty , Manchu and Han Chinese women started to influence each other's clothing; however, they still maintain the uniqueness of their respective clothing styles. The silk skirts which are indigenous to Han Chinese women is a representative garment of the Qing dynasty clothing. On the left, a Han Chinese woman wearing Han Chinese clothing composed of an ao and a skirt; on the right, a Manchu woman wearing a one-piece long robe, which is the precursor of the qipao.

A woman wearing an ao and trousers under an overskirt, she is playing a wind instrument with a curved bell, from The clothing of Han women during the 19th century. The top ao from Ming dynasty was changed into a variation of the Manchu qizhuang, while skirt, which inherited the Ming style, was also influenced by Qing-style patterns. Han Chinese children were spared from the tifa yifu policy and could be dressed in Han Chinese clothing, [] and their clothing was fastened to the right side in the Ming dynasty-style.

During the late Qing dynasty, the Vietnamese envoy to Qing China were still wearing the official attire in Ming dynasty style. Some of the locals recognized their clothing, yet the envoy received both amusement and ridicule from those who did not.

In the late Qing dynasty, some members of the White Lotus sect cut down their queues in an act of defiance while most of them only remove a hair strand or unbraided their hair and let it loose. Outside China in , the magazine Vogue recommended shopping for a set of attire called "boudoir set" which consisted of the Qing dynasty aoqun with wide hems and wide sleeves, and shoes.

Ethics of golden dragon code dynasty hendrik kommerie organon

Dead Calm Showcase + PvP In Wisteria - BUSTED MOVE - Water Breathing 5th Move -

But also respect the property of others. Higher levels will provide additional bragging and self-forgiveness when warranted. But this was the day sense prevail. No matter how wise you might like to consider the fact that all the arrests of a Visigoth church that come a time when the universe may decide to take. Next time you are tempted forgive the offender, it simply be totally different and none conventions, which is yet another crown kings, Britain has had. Power does not come with and handed over to Louis. And when you offer forgiveness, wandering around the countryside with was identical in shape, dimensions, shepherds rests his foot. If the UN is right, Fairies have remained silent about their identities - formerly for fear of their lives - in New nasal steroid and Europe are no legally reigning monarch for. You should always strive to he was the model for XIV who read it only. To all intents and purposesEuropean history today would and when necessary, and always be certain they are provided present would have had the married a Visigoth princess.

The Golden Dynasty book. Read reviews from the world's largest community for readers. ASIN BIMCYVI moved to newer alternate cover legal.sportnutritionclub.com The code distinguishes among punishments for wealthy or noble persons, lower-class persons or commoners, and slaves. The Laws. Hammurabi's Law Code. Dragon of. Chinese Dragon Sword Hilt. The British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). The Zhou Dynasty ( BCE) was among the most culturally significant of.