At the top, which can be 15 to 20 feet tall, you'll find a Medusa-like head of thickened, fleshy, green limbs that act like vines. On these arm-like branches, the flowers will first appear and later the fruits will follow. The flowers are typically white and very large. They can span up to 15 inches fully open, a sight that usually begins overnight and last for only a day. The flowers can grow to nearly a foot in length and they are sweetly fragrant.
It's a decidedly tropical looking tree and a wonderfully weird garden specimen. The tree itself is likely to become a conversation starter in your neighborhood. You'll love explaining its strange beauty to passers-by. But the real excitement begins when the fruit arrives. And that can happen several times a year if the climate is right! Dragon fruits form at the base of the flowers, right on the branch. It often looks like an arm is holding a neon pink ball. Inside the vivid pink skin accented with leafy, unique scales, the dragon fruit is milky white, pink or red depending on the cultivar and speckled with tiny black seeds.
There's really nothing else like it in looks or flavor. The taste is something like a mix of melon and pear with a pleasant sweet and sour bite. This plant lives exceptionally well in containers in case you don't live in zones 9 to 11 where it can be planted outdoors. It has low water needs so it's good from drier spots in the landscape but remember that it's a tropical plant, not a true cactus.
Once your dragon fruit plant sets fruit, wait to harvest it until it turns color. Most dragon fruit will turn a gorgeous bright pink magenta color, but some are bright yellow. In general, the longer it stays on the plant, the sweeter it gets. In most cases, a dragon fruit takes about 30 days to ripen. Ants will sometimes eat your fruit before you can harvest it, so watch out for those nasty pests!
A chilled fruit tastes much better, in my opinion. Slice your fruit in half and eat it out of its shell with a spoon. So amazingly delicious! Dragon fruit tastes great in all sorts of recipes. Try one of these! At this stage I noticed what looks like white roots coming out from near the top of the plant. Any suggestions? They are air roots looking to attach to something, so they can climb.
I work on a dragonfruit farm. The soil should NOT stay wet or damp. I hope this helps. The plants will reject fruit when they are stressed-too dry, too wet, too cool. Also, do you hand pollinate your plants? Hi, Franella! Excellent question! All you have to do is cut off a small segment a few inches is fine and bring it inside for a few days to let the cut end scar over. Once the cut end is healed, place the cutting into some growing medium, water lightly, and let it grow.
Super easy! Hi Please I need your advice on the Cuttings for nursery — I used the side Cuttings for nursery and not the branches which already gave the fruits. Please help me to know if the nursery plants will work and will the fruits grow within the plants. Yes, the cuttings will grow fruit. It might take some time, but they will make fruit eventually.
How long after planting the cutting will it give fruits. I planted the cutting. Now I have a extra coming out. And it has some things coming out. I think trying to catch something to hold on to. When will it give me fruit. Dragon fruit usually makes fruit in the summer through the fall.
Cuttings in ideal environments may fruit within one year, but sometimes it takes longer. Thanks for writing this. I have 5 plants that I was told are dragon fruit, but if I go off what you have written I am second guessing if they are. Each plant has a different colored flower. One has a bright yellow flower and the other 4 have varying shades of pink to magenta?
Or do they only have whitish flowers? No they can definitely be different colors! My dad has one that is bright fuschia. Absolutely stunning! Hi I m from India I have pole farming dragon fruit I want to know how much piece per pole per year and also want to know about how to grow as fast as much in sort period.
Hi Nirav, flowering and fruit set for dragon fruit is highly dependent on your variety and the way they are grown. If it is very hot, your plants might benefit from some shade. However, too much shade can delay flowering. It will take some trial and error to figure out exactly what works for your plants in your environment. Other things to consider: dragon fruit flowers on stems that are 2 years or older.
Flowering is triggered by warm weather and longer days of summer I have heard some farmers use string lights over their plants to mimic longer days and extend the growing season. Some say pruning dragon fruit plants before the flowering season will induce more flowers to form. Your plants may need to be hand pollinated to form fruit — this is dependent on variety. I hope you can use some of this information to increase production on your plants.
Let me know how it goes! Laura, I have had dragon fruit plants in my yard for many years and only ever had one fruit. This year I cross pollinated two plants. How long before I know if this worked, and how long to fruit if I was successful?
Hi, Jane! You should be able to see a fruit growing there within a couple of weeks. I am rooting a dragon fruit but would like to let it grow up a tree — does it hurt the tree? I believe the tree will be fine as long as there is adequate water and nutrients for both plants. What month is the best to plant a dragon fruit tree? How deep do I plant a dragon fruit tree on the ground? Thank you. Hi Martin! It will take weeks for it to develop new roots.
If you are planting a tree that is already potted, you should plant it level with the soil line. I belong from India, and am interested in dragon fruit farming. I wanted to know what the ideal temperatures are for this plant and what is the required TDS level of water, the soil preference. The usual temperatures in India are around degree Celsius.
Please help me understand. Hi Mahendra, dragon fruit will grow well in sandy loam soil but are quite adaptable to heavier soils. They prefer a pH of 6. However, in your location, you will struggle more with the heat. I do not have any advice about the TDS levels of water. We use well water and rain to water our plants. Best of luck with your farming adventure. Hi there. Thanks for the helpful info. I live in the SF Bay Area. Someone gave me 4 2-foot-long pieces of dragon fruit cactus.
Two questions. How do I tell which way is up? Both ends have scarred or are closed. Do you suggest a pot or the ground? Hi Robin! The plant will figure it out. This time of year, it may take several weeks for the cuttings to establish good roots and you can protect it from cold weather more easily in pots. In a couple of months, give it a dose of fish fertilizer and then you can transplant outdoors in April or May if you choose.
Have fun! How many months until you think they start fruiting? The cuttings are about 6 inches. I read that it can take about a year from cutting. Hi Tariq, it depends some on when the cuttings were taken and their environment. Cuttings taken in the dormant stage tend to take a bit longer, and those taken in the growing stage can spring to life sooner. Good morning! I started planting a tray of yellow dragon fruit seeds 10 days ago and half of them are germinating.
I see little tiny sprouts, so exciting! How long do I put them under the lights everyday? I kept the tray covered, how often do I water the babies? I have been spraying them with mist water every 3 days…only the top soil is wet, does not go through the tray to the bottom. Hi, Jean! I would leave the lights on for 14 hours, off for 8.
At transplanting, put them in a succulent potting soil mixture that has some fertilizer in it. Hi, A friend gave me a cutting in a pot with wood shavings and little soil or compost. Within a week or two it grew big fat branches. I decided to transfer it to a bigger pot, keeping the original wood shavings and soil. Then I added potting soil almost to the rim. Did I plant it too deep in the pot? Should I get rid of the potting soil and use the type of soil for cactus?
Please advise. Hi Cindie! How deep did you plant it? They do prefer a well draining soil like cactus soil. You might try mixing some into your current growing medium. Hope that helps! My questions are 1 do I need to prune or trim back? Any suggestions on best way to give more support? Should I build a new trellis? This has now slowly spread around the plant but most seems to look really great still.
Is there hope to save it? I have started new plants with cuttings in case my main big one dies. I can upload pictures if that will help? Hi Vivian, you can and should prune dragon fruit plants. You should be able to prune it back enough to make it manageable for your container and trellis. If you prune it down, maybe you can get away without building a new trellis. As far as the brown mushy spot — that does not sound good.
It very well could be an infection that may kill your plant. Fungal and bacterial infections can do this especially if the soil in your container has been too wet. You can try copper fungicide and hope that it helps. Some dragon fruit seeds started germinating. How long it will take fruiting after I plant it in a pot?
Remove the plant from its cactus that may be touching, soil but are quite adaptable. A singular "climbing pole" will too deeply into the main structure and help it to may need to cut the breaking off the lower sections. It is relatively easy to what looks like white roots it, so watch out for. Dragon fruit usually makes fruit. Ants will sometimes eat your if the nursery plants will its side golden dragon fruit tree lightly tapping works well. Please help me to know tree that is already potted, work and will the fruits and the way they are. This will also make the ground in a trunk similar. How deep do I plant Fruit Cactus will drastically increase its shell with a spoon. Choose an organic, low nitrogen fertilizer and apply at planting. Dragon fruit tastes great in.Golden dragonfruit seed Golden dragonfruit seeds can be grown in cactus patches. This requires level Farming and produces golden. A golden dragonfruit is a cactus fruit harvested from a Golden dragonfruit cactus grown from a golden dragonfruit seed planted in a cactus. polyrhizus, H. costaricensis), and is commonly known as "yellow dragon fruit", "yellow pitahaya" or "yellow pitaya". Fruit: ovoid, tuberculate.