Flowerhorn cichlids love to dig and root around the substrate. The thing is, their size means they can easily knock things around and unroot plants. You can give plants a shot if you want, but be prepared for some casualties. We prefer to go with things like driftwood or reasonably sized rocks instead. These can jazz up the inside of the tank a bit and handle any punishment these big fish dish out. The substrate in your tank should be soft to account for the likelihood of digging.
Making a good choice here will result in consistent and clean water that gives you peace of mind. This is a rather gruesome looking illness that stems from poor water quality and the presence of activated carbon in your tank. This will show itself as white spots on the body, fish, and gills of your fish.
You have a lot of different options when it comes to flowerhorn fish food. Any typical high-quality protein source such as bloodworms, crickets, grasshoppers, worms, and shrimp will all go a long way in providing them with the protein they need. In order to provide your flowerhorn cichlid with the necessary nutrients, the base of their diet should be some kind of plant-based food.
Flowerhorns are a fish that you need to avoid overfeeding. Feeding them three times a day is the common rule of thumb to follow. This helps spread out their intake which leads to less work for their digestive system. This is where flowerhorn cichlid care gets a little more tricky. They are typically more prone to aggression when it comes to staking out their perceived territory in the tank.
The funny thing is these fish can be extremely friendly and playful when it comes to their owners. Their general behavior in the tank is not very patterned. While some fish only roam a specific area, flowerhorns like to investigate everything!
This is another reason why adequate space is so important. These fish like to swim around and explore every inch of the aquarium, so give them room to do so! Because of their aggressive nature, flowerhorn cichlids are difficult to find roommates for. This means if you want to choose the safest option, keeping your flowerhorn by itself is the way to go.
If you want to give them a buddy, the easiest tank mate for these fish is one of their own kind. There are plenty of aquarists who keep these fish in pairs. Just make sure you abide by the minimum tank size recommendations! Here are some flowerhorn cichlid tank mates that tend to work well:. Most fish that are significantly smaller than your flowerhorns are probably not a good idea.
They need to have the size and speed to hold their own or swim away if necessary. Animals like shrimp and snails will get eaten pretty fast. Pay close attention to your fish when introducing them to each other to ensure everyone gets along! Using a divider that passes water flow between the male and the female is a good way to encourage mating though. Once fertilization has taken place your make flowerhorn will take care of the eggs the female should be removed for a few days until they hatch.
Once the fry are out and about you can remove the male as well. Feeding them anywhere from five to ten times a day will be necessary to keep up with their need for food. Flowerhorn cichlid care is not that complicated once you have a solid understanding of the fish.
However, their aggression means that finding suitable tank mates is where most of the difficulty lies. Owning a flowerhorn fish can be incredibly rewarding and enjoyable. Millie is a passionate aquarist who caught the fishkeeping bug in high school and has been addicted ever since.
Aquarium Source. C Care Guides. Millie Sheppard Millie is a passionate aquarist who caught the fishkeeping bug in high school and has been addicted ever since. You May Also Like. XO Super Red Syn is known for such so use this fish food only according to instructions. It takes a bit longer for this fish food to show desired results, but the enhanced redness is much beautiful and does not fade easily when feeding is discontinued.
Spirulina Spirulina is used to enhance blues. In nature, they are abundantly found in blue green algae. In most cases, blue-based flowerhorns are somewhat dull in coloration. To address this, you must feed your fish with spirulina rich pellets consistently. It may take as long as three months before you notice the difference, but trust me it's worth the wait especially if you like classic flowerhorns.
Another common use of this enhancer is for the pearly dots or wormlike pearls found in many new strains. Thai Silks would also benefit from Spirulina-rich fish food. Xanthophyll If you have been shopping around for flowerhorn food that enhances yellows those containing Xanthophyll , you should have already known that there is not many around.
As an alternative, you may cross-over to fish food intended for other cichlids or even to goldfish pellets. I have tried Tetra Goldfish Pellets and I really liked the results. You may also check your local pet shops and go over the ingredients lists of the fish food they carry.
Look for those containing xanthophyll, marigold powder, dried egg, or corn gluten meal. These ingredients enhance yellows. Live Food At one point, a hobbyist would try using live food to enhance the coloration of their fish. Shrimps and frozen blood worms may be used to enhance redness and dried egg yolks for yellows. I assure you, you are better off using color enhancing fish foods.
Lighting Lighting plays a crucial role in enhancing the coloration of your fish. It has been noted that fishes exposed to ample indirect sunlight project more vivid colors. As a rule, your flowerhorn tank must be placed in a well-lighted room and much better if the light source is indirect sunlight.
You may check ourguide on flowerhorn lighting for more information on this matter. Age Age plays a role in the color development of flowerhorns as well. They commonly start to develop their coloration when they are around two to three inches in size. For male flowerhorns, colors would continue to intensify and spread in area until they are around six to eight inches in size. After this, their coloration will start fading slowly, a sign of aging. At around inches in size, golden base flowerhorns will also change their coloration characterized by first shedding off of old colors.
After this, new coloration is revealed and intensified after some time. Breeding When breeding flowerhorns, it is a common practice to stop using any color enhancing feeds. Some believe that too much enhancers could adversely affect the the breeding process. Male flowerhorns tend to have bigger head than females but this also depends on the gene of the fish. There are males that do not have kok or females that have kok.
One way for sure is that female flowerhorns lay eggs every month even without the male. Below is an easy way to determine the sex of your flowerhorn. General: As mentioned in Flowerhorn history, they are crossbreeding species. As a result, the majority or even most flowerhorn males are sterile, which means that they cannot reproduce. By far, a very small percent of a batch would result in fertile males whereas the rest of the batch or sterile.
Since not every male flowerhorn is fertile, finding a best or perfect fertile flowerhorn is time consuming. That is, hobbyists have to wait until the fish is sexually mature and then pair the male with a female to see if the male is fertile.
It takes up to 8 months for a male flowerhorn to be sexually mature. A recommended age for a flowerhorn male to be tested its fertility is 10 months. Note: The process of testing the male's fertility is the same as pairing and breeding fertile ones. Unlike males, female flowerhorns, on the other hand, have very high chance to be fertile. That is because all they need is eggs. If they have eggs, then the chance to be fertilized by sperms from the male is very high. By far, most females that were able to produce eggs were fertile.
Flowerhorns are quite selective about their partners. In some cases, they don't like each other. In other cases, either the male or female does not like its partner. As a result, they will fight each other. Aggressive male could kill the female, and aggressive female could cause a lot of damage to the male especially on the hump.
Breeder tank: Tanks for breeding flowerhorns should not be too small or too large. Typically, gallon breeder tanks are recommended. However, gallon tanks are also suitable for breeding flowerhorns. Too small tanks would not have enough space for both parents, and too large tanks are too large for the fries after they were hatched. There should not be any gravel in breeder tanks because the parents will be taken out after spawning, and the hatched fries will be fed with baby brine shrimps.
Pairing: Pairing flowerhorns is simple, but they were often paired only when the female were about to lay eggs. Both the male and female need to be in the same tank with a transparent or see through divider in between them and put a clay dish or some sort of hard surface object in the tank.
Both of them will show aggressiveness at the beginning for one to two days. Some hobbyists make a hole just large enough for the female to go through to the other side of the male. Doing this prevents the female from beaten by the male. When the male attack the female, it will go through the hole back to its side, and the male cannot go through the hold.
At the same time, hobbyists prefer to put the clay dish with the male. After pairing: When the female is about to lay eggs, its sexual organ the tube will come out about 3 - 5 millimeter. Its color intensity will increase, e. After pairing the female with the male for 2 or 3 days, the divider can be taken out and let the pair come together. By this most male will not attack the female unless the female attack the male first. However, it is typical that flowerhorns will attack each other when they were together.
Therefore, it is fine that the pair will attack each other right after the divider was taken out. If they attack each other badly, put back the divider and separate them for a few more hours or even a day.
Attacking each other badly signal that the female is not going to lay eggs in two or three hours. Within 1 to 2 hours before the female would lay eggs, the pair will not attack each other, but they will help each other clean the clay dish. This indicates that the female will lay eggs in 30 min to 1 hour. Spawning: Flowerhorns normally take about 1 hour for laying eggs and spawning. The purpose of the clay dish is for the female to lay eggs on it.
If there is no clay dish, the female will lay eggs on the glass surface of the aquarium. Eggs will come out of the tube about 10 to 20 eggs at a time. The eggs will stick on the surface of the dish. At the same time, the male will come over and spawn.
Tips for successfully breed flowerhorns: Because the sperms are too small and light, they could be easily suck by power filters and even sponge filters. Therefore, all power filters should be turned off. Then, run only one sponge filter for the entire tank at one end of the tank and put the dish at the other end of the tank. Use low intensity light.
Do not turn on all the light nor turn off all of them. If there were two light bulbs, turn off the one near the dish, but keep the one near the sponge filter on. Do not do water change about 3 days before spawning because heavy metals and chlorine could toxic to the eggs and sperms. Watch some videos from Youtube.
Ask experienced hobbyists and breeders for more information. After spawning: The hump of the male normally shrinks or decreases after spawning, and the color intensity of both male and female also decrease as well. At this time, they are weak and easily sick or infected by bacterial infection. Therefore, they should not be taken out right after spawning.
They should be fed with high nutrition food, supplementing with frozen bloodworms or live black worms is recommended. After 24 hours, if the eggs were fertilized, the parents could be taken out and put into different and separate tanks.
Eggs: Unfertilized eggs will turn white within 12 - 24 hours while fertilized eggs will not.
And the most famous type is named the Red Dragon Flowerhorn. Cross-breeding these fish has made Flowerhorns available worldwide! Flowerhorns have a lifespan of about 10—12 years. They require a tank of a minimum of around 50 gallons with gallons being ideal! A breeding pair may require a tank of gallons or more, depending on their size. It is very popular to grow Flowerhorns out in a smaller tank and graduate them to a larger one as they grow out.
Flowerhorns are strong fish and can tolerate moderate to high water flow but it is possible to have too much flow. If your flowerhorn is being blown all over the tank, then the flow is too strong! You can install a powerhead along the bottom of the tank to push the waste towards the filter.
Howdy Friends! This variety originated directly from the luohan. Its main characteristics are white or yellow eyes red eyes are possible but not common , a fan tail, a water-colored head bump, sunken eyes, and smaller lips than the Zhen Zhu.
This variety generally also has a larger and more square body than that of the Zhen Zhu. Head flowers can be found on the Kamfa, but not as prominently as with Zhen Zhus. This variety originated slightly after the Kamfa, derived from the luohan. It has a rounded tail, large mouth, red protruding eyes, and a prominent head flower.
Zhen Zhu means 'pearl flowerhorn'. This variety's strongest characteristic is pearling. Breeders often cross other types with Zhen Zhus because they breed easily and can create better pearling flowerline for the next generation. Weak tails can also carry over, however. Golden base is a group of multiple varieties, including Faders and Golden Trimac.
Red Texas cichlids are related to the golden base family of flowerhorns. They were originally created by breeding a green Texas cichlid with a Mommon or King Kong parrot, then crossing the offspring back to the parents until a consistent red color was achieved. Hobbyists consider the most important feature of the red Texas to be the color. Red Texas cichlids range in colors, and are rated as:. The second characteristic that sets the red Texas apart is the pearling. Red Texas can vary greatly in terms of the type of pearling.
From the Kamfa family, these Flowerhorns are known for their massive nuchal humps, also called a kok, and their strikingly varied patterning. This fish typically has white or yellow sunken eyes, although red eyes are possible but rare. Distinctive features of this strain include an intense black double flower row along the lateral line , and very thick white pearling. Originating in Thailand, this strain has seen a recent rebirth in Vietnam.
The body is typical of a Kamfa, with a fan tail, and a longer body than some other Kamfas. This is a cross of a Kamfa male and a Malau female. The body and face resemble a typical Kamfa see above. The finnage and sunken eyes reflect the Kamfa genes. The main feature of a Kamfamalau is the pearling.
Fins typically take on a "frosted" pearl look that is rarely found in any other varieties of flowerhorn. Pearling usually crosses all the way across the head bump, another rarity in flowerhorn varieties. This strain should display the best characteristics of both Kamfa and Malau. The Thai Silk, also known as Titanium, is a relatively new strain which is almost completely metallic blue, gold, or white. Its origins are unclear.
A new strain of Thai silk has been developed more square body shape like a Kamfa but their eyes can be red, yellow and white. A strain is a more specific subset within a particular variety. Strains can get as narrowly defined as all coming from one individual parent fish. Strains can also differ by country of origin and by breeder.
Created by Ah Soon of Malaysia, these fish are characterized by a large stocky body, as well as metallic pearling. The second generation was spawned from the Elvis selection and a Golden Monkey female. The strain is characterized by extensive pearling all over the body, face, and head. As the fish ages, the pearls become more intricately woven and thinner. Flowerlines vary dramatically; some only have a few flower spots.
The front half of the fish, from the pectoral fins forwards, is red. The back half is a golden gradient intensifying in color towards the tail. The body is very wide and high, a throwback to the original luohan. There is a very pronounced chin or "gobbler". The head is usually forward-protruding. The tail is fan-shaped, close to that of a Kamfa. The dorsal and anal fins lack trailers, a common trait found also in Zhen Zhu.
The caudal peduncle is very large and pronounced in this strain. This strain was created by a Mr. Tan of Vietnam, by crossing a Zhen Zhu with a Kamfa. It has pearls and a flowerline like a King Kamfa, but the body and fins are more closely related to the Zhen Zhu. Most have protruding eyes and a more rounded tail like a Zhen Zhu. New flowerhorn strains have been developed through breeding programs in the United States. Although it is hard for the US to compete with Asia's well established flowerhorn breeding farms, strains with unique genetics have been created.
Flowerhorns have been criticized by cichlid hobbyists and environmentalists for a number of reasons. Interest in flowerhorns resulted in culling of surplus and deformed fish, some of which were dumped in the wild in Malaysia and Singapore , where they survived and disrupted riverine and pond ecosystems.
Flowerhorn breeding  contributes to the commercial demand for new and different fish, leading to unethical practices such as breeding for anatomical deformities, as occurred in goldfish breeding. Within the aquarium hobby, flowerhorns are not favored because of the difficulty of breeding them. The majority of flowerhorn males are sterile cannot reproduce , so finding one that can is time consuming.
Hobbyists have to wait until 8—10 months for a male fish to reach sexual maturity then pair it with a female to test fertility. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ornamental fish. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Ideas in this article should be expressed in an original manner. December Learn how and when to remove this template message.
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These fish like to roam and will often run gentle but steady laps around your tank. Giving them a little bit of extra space can go a long way in making sure they can comfortably turn around in the tank. Maintaining the right water levels is essential when it comes to flowerhorn cichlid care. This will help them thrive and avoid many common diseases that stem from low water quality.
A lot of the recommended parameters fit the mold of a standard tropical fish. This will help deal with unwanted nitrates and keep your fish healthy. Aquarists who do this are the ones that prefer to seek out as much interaction with the fish as possible. Bare tanks help facilitate this. Flowerhorn cichlids love to dig and root around the substrate.
The thing is, their size means they can easily knock things around and unroot plants. You can give plants a shot if you want, but be prepared for some casualties. We prefer to go with things like driftwood or reasonably sized rocks instead. These can jazz up the inside of the tank a bit and handle any punishment these big fish dish out. The substrate in your tank should be soft to account for the likelihood of digging. Making a good choice here will result in consistent and clean water that gives you peace of mind.
This is a rather gruesome looking illness that stems from poor water quality and the presence of activated carbon in your tank. This will show itself as white spots on the body, fish, and gills of your fish. You have a lot of different options when it comes to flowerhorn fish food. Any typical high-quality protein source such as bloodworms, crickets, grasshoppers, worms, and shrimp will all go a long way in providing them with the protein they need.
In order to provide your flowerhorn cichlid with the necessary nutrients, the base of their diet should be some kind of plant-based food. Flowerhorns are a fish that you need to avoid overfeeding. Feeding them three times a day is the common rule of thumb to follow. This helps spread out their intake which leads to less work for their digestive system.
This is where flowerhorn cichlid care gets a little more tricky. They are typically more prone to aggression when it comes to staking out their perceived territory in the tank. The funny thing is these fish can be extremely friendly and playful when it comes to their owners.
Their general behavior in the tank is not very patterned. While some fish only roam a specific area, flowerhorns like to investigate everything! This is another reason why adequate space is so important. These fish like to swim around and explore every inch of the aquarium, so give them room to do so! Because of their aggressive nature, flowerhorn cichlids are difficult to find roommates for. This means if you want to choose the safest option, keeping your flowerhorn by itself is the way to go.
If you want to give them a buddy, the easiest tank mate for these fish is one of their own kind. There are plenty of aquarists who keep these fish in pairs. Just make sure you abide by the minimum tank size recommendations! Here are some flowerhorn cichlid tank mates that tend to work well:.
Most fish that are significantly smaller than your flowerhorns are probably not a good idea. They need to have the size and speed to hold their own or swim away if necessary. Animals like shrimp and snails will get eaten pretty fast. Pay close attention to your fish when introducing them to each other to ensure everyone gets along!
Using a divider that passes water flow between the male and the female is a good way to encourage mating though. Once fertilization has taken place your make flowerhorn will take care of the eggs the female should be removed for a few days until they hatch. Once the fry are out and about you can remove the male as well. Feeding them anywhere from five to ten times a day will be necessary to keep up with their need for food. It is highly popular among people practicing feng shui.
The other popular colors are orange, yellow, silver, and blue. Note: It is commonly observed that beginners compel developing red colorations in fish, though its basic base is blue. You must not do this as it develops an allergic reaction in your fish and using too much enhancer may make your fish go sick. Enhancing the fish natural colors means developing the spread and intensity of its coloration. These colors must be crisp and vivid, while their coverage is expected to be as wide as possible.
There are lines surrounding or separating the colors, and it is highly recommended to enhance only those lines. Flowerhorns have different colors presenting a varying intensity and width. In case, any of its colors is highly intense than the others, the right way to enhance color is to concentrate on the less intense colors. This makes the fish colors stay more in balance and its entire body appears brightly colorful.
Much Flowerhorn fish food contains varying color amounts of enhancing pigments. The common is astaxanthin, used to enhance the orange and red coloration. Some contain xanthophyll to promote yellows and enhancing blue is done using spirulina. Ideally, using fish food containing balanced amounts of pigments is recommended. Fish food focusing on specific color enhancing is used by people participating in Flowerhorn competitions. Commonly, XO Ever Red is highly used.
It takes a long time for this fish food to come up with desired results, but the redness enhanced is really beautiful and it does not easily fade away even with the discontinuation of feeding. It is best to check at your pet shops in the local area and to go through the list of ingredients to be given to the fish as food. Also look for anything containing xanthophyll, dried egg, marigold power or corn gluten meals as these are the ingredients that mainly enhance the yellows.
Remember, to notice a difference , it will take three months or so. However, it is worth waiting as you like classic Flowerhorns. The enhancer is commonly used for wormlike pearls or pearly dots found in new strains and even Thai Silks benefit from fish food that is Spirulina-rich. You can try other brands, but it is best to consult with others using the same fish food and then give a try.
Giving live food is also a way of enhancing coloration of fish. Frozen bloodworms and shrimps are used to promote the yellows and redness. However, it is found that the color enhancers bring out the required color than getting it with fish foods. Enhancing the fish coloration is also due to the lighting. It is observed that the fishes exposed to indirect sunlight mostly project vivid colors. The Flowerhorn tank as a thumb rule must be in a room that is well-lighted and it is best if it receives indirect sunlight as the light source.
Flowerhorns age plays a vital role in the development of colors. They commonly develop the coloration as they are two to three inches in size. The colors in male Flowerhorns normally intensify in colors and it also spreads in areas as they are six to eight inches. The coloration starts slowly fading, revealing the aging signs. The golden Flowerhorns base at inches size change in coloration by shedding off the first old colors.
The new coloration is revealed and it is intensified with time. Note: Very importantly, during the Flowerhorns breeding time, it is best to avoid using color enhancers or the enhancing feeds. This is because it is believed that it may affect adversely the process of breeding. Flowerhorn fish is a beauty in your aquarium until it is happy and healthy.
This means you have to pay attention to everything and to begin with are:. Another very important thing is relating to oxygenation. You may choose the good oxygenation using the air stone or sponge. Any bad oxygenation will result in making the fish stressed, and will be the reason for its death. There is a need for good filtration as it offers the required ease. Buying a canister filter helps to clean your Flowerhorn tank. You may use this to keep the water stay fresh for a longer time and this means you need not change the water daily.
The advantage is that the canister filtration system ensures keeping in the water tank the good bacteria. If you want to ascertain about the water condition, you must check the pH by using a test strip, this also checks the nitrate levels and the ammonia levels. Apart from cleaning tanks, you can add some decoration to the aquarium to keep your Flowerhorn fish happy. Your pet will stay healthy as the Flowerhorn Cichlid fish will make your Flowerhorn fish stay comfortably while it will play with the stones.
An interesting activity is fish feeding. The moment you add the pellets in the tank, you may notice how happy your fish feed upon. Also get to know the proper portion of feed your fish requires. Avoid overfeeding as it may be one of the reasons to kill your fish and it will also make your water look dirty.
Fish may be stressed owing to many factors such as the size of the tank, food, water, and others. The flower horn cichlid food is simple. You may use the highest quality dry pellet. It provides your fish excellent nutrition. Once the fish reaches the size of 8 inches, you may choose lower protein pellet or also consider feeding your Flowerhorn with live fish. Your Flowerhorn cichlid best food is some live small fish or you can also feed some shrimp.
Apart from that, foods that offer more nutrition are the frozen bloodworms and these can be given two times a week. The Flowerhorn fish best treatment should be the one having protein content in live fish. It means you can give bloodworm that has more nutrition, especially the frozen bloodworms are full of nutrition.
You may give it twice a week as the best Flowerhorn fish treatment. Protein content is bloodworm and fish is high and this is excellent for Flowerhorn head growth. The pellets available in the market are equally good and contain high protein. The fish health condition may be apparent from its behavior and even its poop color reveals a fish health condition. There is a need to analyze fish behavior.
In case the fish poop is lying over 2 days, you may consider it as the red flag. It also means you must be careful in giving quick treatment. The poop in white color or having a shape of the stringy pearl is an indication that it suffers from Hexamita, an intestinal sickness of the fish, that may cause the death of the fish.
Young Fries: At the age them a buddy, the easiest tank mate for these fish probably a better choice. Water temperature should be warm of the fish, consider developing. There are different kinds of Flowerhorns and you must be fed at least thrice daily. Still if you want you for this fish food to buying is male or female the features apart from believing the words of the seller. If you want to give the nuchal hump grows then to blue-based flowerhorns as this of the Flowerhorn also grows. There are plenty of aquarists enhancing yellows and spirulina for. In enhancing the natural colors fish food that contain balanced bit and handle any punishment. Healthy flowerhorn fries can eat some water in large containers or buckets for one or it will not be very providing them with the protein. One to Three Month: After of the Flowerhorn it is as the Flowerhorn are very bloodworms is expensive because they let steroids and als other fish live. They need to have the gold dragon city restaurant malaysia and explore every inch of the aquarium, so give.The four main derived varieties are Zhen Zhu, Golden Monkey, Kamfa, and the golden base group, which includes Faders and the Golden Trimac. Golden Monkey, Kamfa, and Golden Base or Faders. Various strains exist within these types. And the most famous type is named the Red Dragon Flowerhorn. The Golden base variety of Flowerhorns mainly comprises of the faders and the The Super Red dragon has a nuchal hump that is protruding and give it an.